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'Feeding 9 billion people': Global food security debates and the productionist trap

Fouilleux Eve, Bricas Nicolas, Alpha Arlène. 2017. 'Feeding 9 billion people': Global food security debates and the productionist trap. Journal of European Public Policy, 24 (11) : pp. 1658-1677.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Feeding 9 billion people global food security debates and the productionist trap.pdf

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : POLITICAL SCIENCE / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion; Science politique

Abstract : Food security, a long-established item on the international agenda, raises many issues including production, consumption, poverty, inequalities, healthcare and conflicts. However, in 2007/2008 the global food security debate was relaunched with a single dominant focus which continues to the present day: increasing agricultural production. This paper explains this productionist bias – which may translate into inadequate policies – by combining insights from institutionalist and cognitive analyses. We show that, despite recent reforms, the global food security field remains dominated by macro- and micro-institutions that put food availability and agricultural production at the heart of the problem and solutions. The political and discursive strategies developed by transnational corporations and private foundations to promote their productivist interests are also key, along with the demands of dominant farmers' unions in exporting countries. Although advocating opposite development patterns, civil society actors implicitly reinforce the productionist perspective through their focus on family agriculture. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : sécurité alimentaire, Alimentation humaine, Politique alimentaire, Disponibilité alimentaire, Production alimentaire, Politique de développement, Petite agriculture, Exploitation agricole familiale, Gouvernance

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Monde

Classification Agris : E14 - Development economics and policies
S01 - Human nutrition - General aspects
E10 - Agricultural economics and policies
E80 - Home economics and crafts
A01 - Agriculture - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fouilleux Eve, CNRS (FRA)
  • Bricas Nicolas, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7627-3852
  • Alpha Arlène, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (BFA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/584911/)

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