Agritrop
Home

Managing pests after 15 years of Bt cotton: Farmers' practices, performance and opinions in northern China

Wang Guiyan, Fok Michel. 2018. Managing pests after 15 years of Bt cotton: Farmers' practices, performance and opinions in northern China. Crop Protection, 110 : pp. 251-260.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
[img] Version Online first - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
1-s2.0-S0261219417301679-main.pdf

Télécharger (321kB) | Request a copy
[img] Published version - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
1-s2.0-S0261219417301679-main-edite.pdf

Télécharger (287kB) | Request a copy

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : In China, a substantial amount of literature addresses pest control in Bt cotton, which is genetically engineered to resist some target pests but which had no direct effects on many other pests. The impact of this technology was positive a few years after the commercial release, but this impact was subsequently found to have reversed. The reversal was made known to the international community about ten years after the commercial release of Bt cotton in China, as a consequence of a pest complex shift phenomenon. Nevertheless, all the existing literature seldom took farmers' practices in spraying chemicals into account; farmers' opinions about using Bt cotton were not reported, nor were their opinions of their performance in growing cotton. Our study compensates for this lack through a specific and holistic approach in appraising farmers' practices, performance and opinions 15 years after the commercial release of Bt cotton in northern China. It focused on the topic of pest control by combining a survey of farmers' characteristics and opinions about Bt cotton effectiveness and profitability, as well as on their cotton cropping characteristics, with participatory detailed record-keeping of insecticide spraying by farmers. It is a holistic approach as it took into account the farming context when analyzing the results. Our results indicated that farmers used chemicals somewhat intensively, carrying out 11 insecticide sprayings on average, involving an average of 2 pest target-oriented insecticide controls. The pest complex shift phenomenon was confirmed as farmers aimed 60% of target-oriented insecticide controls at sucking pests, principally aphids even more than Lygus bugs. Three quarters of farmers were not content with Bt cotton profitability while providing a shorter protection time and most of them displayed a lack of proficiency in implementing chemical pest control. The remaining quarter of contented farmers carried out more pest target-oriented insecticide controls. Four spraying strategy factors were found and were associated notably with farmers' attitudes in controlling bollworms, aphids and Lygus bugs. The observed strategies were connected with distinct farming efficiency in a country where farming has lost its attractiveness. Sustainable use of Bt cotton calls for locally adapted actions to improve farmers' proficiency in pest control. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Gossypium, Plante transgénique, Protection des plantes, Rentabilité, Efficacité d'utilisation, Utilisation, Pesticide, Enquête sur exploitations agricoles, pratique agricole, Lutte antiravageur, Amélioration des plantes

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Chine, Hebei

Classification Agris : H01 - Protection of plants - General aspects
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Wang Guiyan, Agricultural University of Hebei (CHN)
  • Fok Michel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-8709-5687 - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/584994/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-02-27 ]