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Rabies Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP) concompletion after dog bites: Estimating the unseen to meet the Nneds of the Uuderserved

Tarantola Arnaud, Blanchi Sophie, Cappelle Julien, Ly Sowath, Chan Malen, In Sotheary, Peng Yiksing, Hing Chanthy, Taing Chun Navy, Ly Sovann, Bourhy Hervé, Buchy Philippe, Dussart Philippe, Mary Jean-Yves. 2018. Rabies Postexposure Prophylaxis (PEP) concompletion after dog bites: Estimating the unseen to meet the Nneds of the Uuderserved. American Journal of Epidemiology, 187 (2) : pp. 306-315.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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585257.pdf

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Accepted version - Rabies noncompletion and peripheral centers, Tarantola et al. 2017.pdf

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH (Science)

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Post exposure prophylaxis prevents human rabies and is accessible in Cambodia principally in Phnom Penh, the capital. Timely, affordable access to post-exposure prophylaxis is a challenge for the mainly rural population. We aimed to identify districts independently associated with post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) noncompletion to position frontline vaccination centers. We analyzed the 2009–2013 database at the rabies prevention center of the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge, Phnom Penh. Logistic regressions identified non-geographic determinants of PEP noncompletion and districts after adjustment for these determinants. The influence of distance by road was estimated using a boosted regression trees model. A district noncompletion population attributable fraction (Rabies Index) was computed and mapped. A cartographic analysis based on the statistic developed by Getis and Ord identified clusters of high-Rabies Index districts. Factors independently associated with noncompletion were patients' district of residence, male gender, age 15–49, initial visit during rice harvest, the dog's status (culled or disappeared) as well as a prescribed PEP protocol requiring more than three PEP sessions (four and five). Four clusters of high-Rabies Index (RI) districts were identified using this analytical strategy applicable to many vaccination or other health services. Positioning frontline PEP centers in these districts will significantly widen access to timely and adequate PEP.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Rage, Prophylaxie des maladies, Morsure, Chien, Vaccin, Épidémiologie, Méthode statistique, Cartographie, Analyse du risque, Maladie de l'homme, Modèle de simulation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cambodge

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
000 - Other themes
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tarantola Arnaud, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM) - auteur correspondant
  • Blanchi Sophie, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Cappelle Julien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7668-1971
  • Ly Sowath, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Chan Malen, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • In Sotheary, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Peng Yiksing, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Hing Chanthy, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Taing Chun Navy, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Ly Sovann, Ministère de la santé (Cambodge) (KHM)
  • Bourhy Hervé, Institut Pasteur (FRA)
  • Buchy Philippe, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Dussart Philippe, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Mary Jean-Yves, INSERM (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/585257/)

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