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Genetic resource policies in international collaborative research for food and agriculture: A study of USAID-funded innovation labs

Welch Eric W., Fusi Federica, Louafi Selim, Siciliano Michael. 2017. Genetic resource policies in international collaborative research for food and agriculture: A study of USAID-funded innovation labs. Global Food Security, 15 : pp. 33-42.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Abstract : Reduction of global food insecurity depends upon the mobilization of genetic diversity for agricultural research and innovation. Yet increased regulation of genetic materials is profoundly affecting the way agricultural research is conducted, particularly international research that requires access to diverse germplasm. This study draws from an international survey of researchers in USAID Feed the Future Innovation Labs to understand how regulations affect access, exchange and use of genetic material within an international collaborative research environment. Although the effects of regulation depend on the research context – crop, sector, collaborative relationships, country and institutional source – transaction costs are increasing and researchers are changing strategies to access genetic material. The new regulatory environment is merging a traditional informal exchange system, perceived to be more open, with a more formal system that sets rules on access and use of genetic materials to address social, economic and environmental goals. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : sécurité alimentaire, Ressource génétique végétale, Conservation des ressources génétiques, Politique agricole, Biodiversité, Innovation, Développement agricole

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
L10 - Animal genetics and breeding
D50 - Legislation
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
S01 - Human nutrition - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2014-2018) - Action publique pour le développement

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Programme de financement européen : FP7

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : Global challenges and bio-based economy: Assessing institutional structures, constraints and outcomes of bio-based research in Agriculture

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Welch Eric W., University of Illinois (USA)
  • Fusi Federica, Arizona State University (USA)
  • Louafi Selim, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Siciliano Michael, University of Illinois (USA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/585297/)

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