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The management of the mycorrhizal soil infectivity: ecological and technical approaches

Lies Adrien, Prin Yves, Duponnois Robin, Ferhout Hicham. 2017. The management of the mycorrhizal soil infectivity: ecological and technical approaches. In : Mycorrhiza: Eco-physiology, secondary metabolites, nanomaterials. Varma Ajit (ed.), Prasad Ram (ed.), Tuteja Narendra (ed.). Cham : Springer International Publishing, pp. 209-221. ISBN 978-3-319-57848-4

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Abstract : Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi have a large potential to help increase global food security. They constitute the most important microbial symbiosis for the majority of terrestrial plant species. Their ecological functions in the productivity and stability of agroecosystems have been recognized for many years. Many studies have shown that these symbionts improved plant growth and plant resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Despite the proven potential of mycorrhizal symbiosis to sustainably improve the productivity of agroecosystems, this biotechnology is still under exploited. This failure mainly results from technical difficulties to mass-produced fungal inoculum of high quality and a Jack of knowledge about the biological factors regulating the soil receptivity of arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation. In order to promote mycorrhizal soil infectivity, two main approaches could be considered: (1) the "reductionist" approach that consists to add into the soil, a large quantity of fungal propagules of a specialized AMF and (2) the "holistic" approach that aims to conserve and restore native AMF diversity and abundance. In this chapter, we will examjne the environmental factors that affect the mycorrhizal diversity and abundance and limit both approaches as they can both be of interest, trying to ex plain to what environmental solution they would be more adapted. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Symbiose, Mycorhization, Mycorhizé à vésicule et arbuscule, Fertilité du sol, Agroécosystème, Inoculation des racines, Rendement des cultures, Pratique culturale, sécurité alimentaire, Résistance aux maladies, Résistance à la sécheresse, Résistance aux facteurs nuisibles

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology
F01 - Crops
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lies Adrien, IRD (FRA)
  • Prin Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3706-0045
  • Duponnois Robin, IRD (FRA)
  • Ferhout Hicham

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Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/585669/)

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