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Habitat- and soil-related drivers of the root-associated fungal community of Quercus suber in the Northern Moroccan forest

Maghnia Fatima Zahra, Abbas Younes, Mahé Frédéric, Kerdouh Benaissa, Tournier Estelle, Ouadji Mohamed, Tisseyre Pierre, Prin Yves, El Ghachtouli Naima, Bakkali-Yakhlef Salahedine, Duponnois Robin, Sanguin Hervé. 2017. Habitat- and soil-related drivers of the root-associated fungal community of Quercus suber in the Northern Moroccan forest. PloS One, 12 (11):e0187758, 17 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Url - jeu de données : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/?term=PRJNA378471

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Soil fungi associated with plant roots, notably ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fungi, are central in above- and below-ground interactions in Mediterranean forests. They are a key component in soil nutrient cycling and plant productivity. Yet, major disturbances of Mediterranean forests, particularly in the Southern Mediterranean basin, are observed due to the greater human pressures and climate changes. These disturbances highly impact forest cover, soil properties and consequently the root-associated fungal communities. The implementation of efficient conservation strategies of Mediterranean forests is thus closely tied to our understanding of root-associated fungal biodiversity and environmental rules driving its diversity and structure. In our study, the root-associated fungal community of Q. suber was analyzed using high-throughput sequencing across three major Moroccan cork oak habitats. Significant differences in root-associated fungal community structures of Q. suber were observed among Moroccan cork oak habitats (Maâmora, Benslimane, Chefchaoun) subjected to different human disturbance levels (high to low disturbances, respectively). The fungal community structure changes correlated with a wide range of soil properties, notably with pH, C:N ratio (P = 0.0002), and available phosphorus levels (P = 0.0001). More than 90 below-ground fungal indicators (P < 0.01)–either of a type of habitat and/or a soil property–were revealed. The results shed light on the ecological significance of ubiquitous ectomycorrhiza (Tomentella, Russula, Cenococcum), and putative sclerotia-associated/ericoid mycorrhizal fungal taxa (Cladophialophora, Oidiodendron) in the Moroccan cork oak forest, and their intraspecific variability regarding their response to land use and soil characteristics. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Quercus suber, Mycorhization, Mycorhizé, Ectomycorhize, Symbiose, Transport des substances nutritives, Cycle de l'azote, Nutrition des plantes, Biodiversité, Identification, Taxonomie, Changement climatique, Couvert forestier, Forêt, Impact sur l'environnement, Production forestière, Zone méditerranéenne

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Maroc

Mots-clés libres : Ectomycorrhiza, Illumina sequencing, Morocco, Quercus suber

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
P34 - Soil biology
F61 - Plant physiology - Nutrition
F40 - Plant ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Maghnia Fatima Zahra, CRF (MAR)
  • Abbas Younes, CRF (MAR)
  • Mahé Frédéric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2808-0984
  • Kerdouh Benaissa, CRF (MAR)
  • Tournier Estelle, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA)
  • Ouadji Mohamed, Forestry Research Center (MAR)
  • Tisseyre Pierre, IRD (FRA)
  • Prin Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3706-0045
  • El Ghachtouli Naima, Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdelah (MAR)
  • Bakkali-Yakhlef Salahedine, Ministère de l'agriculture et de la pêche maritime (Maroc) (MAR)
  • Duponnois Robin, IRD (FRA)
  • Sanguin Hervé, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/586054/)

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