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Crop mixtures: Does niche complementarity hold for belowground resources? An experimental test using rice genotypic pairs

Montazeaud Germain, Violle Cyrille, Fréville Hélène, Luquet Delphine, Ahmadi Nourollah, Courtois Brigitte, Bouhaba Ilyas, Fort Florian. 2018. Crop mixtures: Does niche complementarity hold for belowground resources? An experimental test using rice genotypic pairs. Plant and Soil, 424 (1-2) : pp. 187-202.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : SOIL SCIENCE

Abstract : Aims: Genotypic mixtures have been receiving a growing interest as genetic diversity could increase crop productivity. Resource-use complementarity is an expected key underlying mechanism, provided that varieties in the mixture differ in resource-related traits, notably root traits. We aimed at examining how trait differences and resource-use complementarity drive biomass production of genotypic mixtures. Methods: Four rice (Oryza sativa) genotypes including two Near-Isogenic Lines only differing in root depth were grown in monoculture and in two-way mixtures in pots under two levels of phosphorus supply. We analyzed the relative difference between mixture biomass and the best monoculture biomass in relation to between-genotype phenotypic distance on ten resource-related traits. Results: Mixtures never outperformed the best monoculture. However, relative mixture productivity increased with increasing between-genotype distance in biovolume, specific leaf area and top soil root biomass. This was mainly driven by a “selection effect”: trait differences led to competitive ability differences and the dominant genotypes tended to gain more in mixture than the subdominant genotypes lost compared to monoculture. Conclusions: Rather than trying to minimize competition through resource-use complementarity, we argue that promoting interactions between genotypes that have different competitive abilities may be a more promising approach to design productive crop mixtures. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Culture en mélange, Lignée, Génotype, Interactions biologiques, Évaluation de l'impact, Système racinaire, Rendement des cultures, Synergisme, Mélange de semences, Variété

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Languedoc-Roussillon, Indonésie

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Research Council

Programme de financement européen : H2020

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : Ecophysiological and biophysical constraints on domestication in crop plants

Auteurs et affiliations

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/586334/)

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