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Application of synchrotron radiation-based methods for environmental biogeochemistry: Introduction to the spatial section

Application of synchrotron radiation-based methods for environmental biogeochemistry: Introduction to the spatial section. Hettiarachchi Ganga M., Donner Erica, Doelsch Emmanuel. 2017. Journal of Environmental Quality, 46 (6), n.spéc. Synchrotron Radiation-Based Methods For Environmental Biogeochemistry : 1139-1145.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2017.09.0349

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Article de revue ; Article de synthèse ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Résumé : To understand the biogeochemistry of nutrients and contaminants in environmental media, their speciation and behavior under different conditions and at multiple scales must be determined. Synchrotron radiation-based X-ray techniques allow scientists to elucidate the underlying mechanisms responsible for nutrient and contaminant mobility, bioavailability, and behavior. The continuous improvement of synchrotron light sources and X-ray beamlines around the world has led to a profound transformation in the field of environmental biogeochemistry and, subsequently, to significant scientific breakthroughs. Following this introductory paper, this special collection includes 10 papers that either present targeted reviews of recent advancements in spectroscopic methods that are applicable to environmental biogeochemistry or describe original research studies conducted on complex environmental samples that have been significantly enhanced by incorporating synchrotron radiation-based X-ray technique(s). We believe that the current focus on improving the speciation of ultra-dilute elements in environmental media through the ongoing optimization of synchrotron technologies (e.g., brighter light sources, improved monochromators, more efficient detectors) will help to significantly push back the frontiers of environmental biogeochemistry research. As many of the relevant techniques produce extremely large datasets, we also identify ongoing improvements in data processing and analysis (e.g., software improvements and harmonization of analytical methods) as a significant requirement for environmental biogeochemists to maximize the information that can be gained using these powerful tools. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : U40 - Méthodes de relevé
T01 - Pollution

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Hettiarachchi Ganga M., Kansas State University (USA)
  • Donner Erica, University of South Australia (AUS)
  • Doelsch Emmanuel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Recyclage et risque (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop

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