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Genetic diversity of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex in the Southwest Indian Ocean Islands

Yahiaoui Noura, Cheron Jean-Jacques, Ravelomanantsoa Santatra, Hamza Abdou Azali, Petrousse Bobb, Jeetah Rajan, Jaufeerally-Fakim Yasmina, Félicité Jérôme, Fillâtre Jacques, Hostachy Bruno, Guérin Fabien, Cellier Gilles, Prior Philippe, Poussier Stéphane. 2017. Genetic diversity of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex in the Southwest Indian Ocean Islands. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8:2139, 18 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Epidemiological surveillance of plant pathogens based on genotyping methods is mandatory to improve disease management strategies. In the Southwest Indian Ocean (SWIO) islands, bacterial wilt (BW) caused by the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RSSC) is hampering the production of many sustainable and cash crops. To thoroughly analyze the genetic diversity of the RSSC in the SWIO, we performed a wide sampling survey (in Comoros, Mauritius, Reunion, Rodrigues, and Seychelles) that yielded 1,704 isolates from 129 plots, mainly from solanaceous crops. Classification of the isolates to the four major RSSC phylogenetic groups, named phylotypes, showed that 87% were phylotype I, representing the most prevalent strain in each of the SWIO islands. Additionally, 9.7% were phylotype II, and 3.3% were phylotype III; however, these isolates were found only in Reunion. Phylotype IV (2 isolates), known to be restricted to Indonesia-Australia-Japan, was reported in Mauritius, representing the first report of this group in the SWIO. Partial endoglucanase (egl) sequencing, based on the selection of 145 isolates covering the geographic and host diversity in the SWIO (also including strains from Mayotte and Madagascar), revealed 14 sequevars with Reunion and Mauritius displaying the highest sequevar diversity. Through a multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) scheme based on the partial sequencing of 6 housekeeping genes (gdhA, gyrB, rplB, leuS, adk, and mutS) and 1 virulence-associated gene (egl), we inferred the phylogenetic relationships between these 145 SWIO isolates and 90 worldwide RSSC reference strains. Phylotype I was the most recombinogenic, although recombination events were detected among all phylotypes. A multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme identified 29 sequence types (STs) with variable geographic distributions in the SWIO. The outstanding epidemiologic feature was STI-13 (sequevar I-31), which was overrepresented in the SWIO and obviously reflected a lineage strongly adapted to the SWIO environment. A goeBURST analysis identified eight clonal complexes (CCs) including SWIO isolates, four CCs being geographically restricted to the SWIO, and four CCs being widespread beyond the SWIO. This work, which highlights notable genetic links between African and SWIO strains, provides a basis for the epidemiological surveillance of RSSC and will contribute to BW management in the SWIO. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ralstonia solanacearum, Variation génétique, Épidémiologie, Surveillance épidémiologique, Enquête pathologique, Phylogénie, Génétique des populations, Polymorphisme génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Océan indien, Comores, Maurice, Réunion, Seychelles

Mots-clés géographiques complémentaires : Rodrigues

Mots-clés libres : Ralstonia solanacearum species complex, Southwest Indian Ocean, Genetic diversity, Epidemiology, MLST, MLSA, Clonal complex

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
P34 - Soil biology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Yahiaoui Noura, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Cheron Jean-Jacques, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Ravelomanantsoa Santatra, CENDRADERU (MDG)
  • Hamza Abdou Azali, INRAPE (COM)
  • Petrousse Bobb, Seychelles Agricultural Agency (SYC)
  • Jeetah Rajan, FAREI (MUS)
  • Jaufeerally-Fakim Yasmina, University of Mauritius (MUS)
  • Félicité Jérôme, Commision of Agriculture (MUS)
  • Fillâtre Jacques, ARMEFLHOR (REU)
  • Hostachy Bruno, ANSES-LSV (REU)
  • Guérin Fabien, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Cellier Gilles, ANSES-LSV (REU)
  • Prior Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Poussier Stéphane, Université de la Réunion (REU)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/586828/)

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