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Deciphering copper resistance in Xanthomonas citri pv. citri

Richard Damien, Ravigné Virginie, Rieux Adrien, Facon Benoît, Boyer Karine, Grygiel Pierre, Javegny Stéphanie, Terville Marie Annabelle, Canteros B.I., Robene Isabelle, Vernière Christian, Chabirand Aude, Pruvost Olivier, Lefeuvre Pierre. 2017. Deciphering copper resistance in Xanthomonas citri pv. citri. In : 15th Congress of the Mediterranean Phytopathological Union: Plant health sustaining Mediterranean ecosystems Abstracts book. MPU, Universidad de Córdoba. Cordoba : MPU-Universidad de Córdoba, Résumé, p. 55. 15th Congress of the Mediterranean Phytopathological Union, Cordoba, Espagne, 20 June 2017/23 June 2017.

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Abstract : Copper-based compounds are widely used in integrated pest management (1PM) programs aiming at controlling agriculturally important plant bacterial pathogens and the latter have adapted in response to this selective pressure. Copper resistance of Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (Xcc), a major citrus pathogen worldwide causing Asiatic citrus canker, was first observed in Argentina two decades ago and subsequently reported as a coplAB-based, plasmid-encoded system. The emergence of resistant strains has since been reported in Réunion (South West lndian Ocean) and Martinique (Eastern Caribbean Sea). Disease severity was found markedly increased in groves established with susceptible cultivars and infected with copper-resistant Xcc. Using tandem repeat-based genotyping and coplAB PCR, we demonstrated that the genetic structure of the copper-resistant strains from these three regions was made up of two distant clusters and varied for the detection of coplAB amplicons. ln order to investigate this pattern more closely, we sequenced six copper-resistant Xcc strains from Argentina, Martinique and Réunion, together with reference copper-resistant Xanthomonas and Stenotrophomonas strains using long-read sequencing technology. Genes involved in copper resistance were found to be straindependent with the novel identification in Xcc of copABCD and a eus heavy metal efflux resistancenodulation- division system. The genes providing the adaptive trait were part of a mobile genetic element similar to Tn3-like transposons and included in a conjugative plasmid. The mining of all bacterial genomes available from public databases suggested that the mobile elements containing copper resistance genes and their plasmid environments were primarily detected in the Xanthomonadaceae family. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Richard Damien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Ravigné Virginie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-4252-2574
  • Rieux Adrien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Facon Benoît, INRA (FRA)
  • Boyer Karine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Grygiel Pierre
  • Javegny Stéphanie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Terville Marie Annabelle, ANSES-LSV (REU)
  • Canteros B.I., INTA (ARG)
  • Robene Isabelle, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Vernière Christian, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2312-2073
  • Chabirand Aude, ANSES-LSV (REU)
  • Pruvost Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Lefeuvre Pierre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587124/)

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