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A MLVA genotyping scheme for global surveillance of the citrus pathogen Xanthomonas citri pv. citri suggests a worldwide geographical expansion of a single genetic lineage. [S4-O6]

Pruvost Olivier, Magne Maxime, Boyer Karine, Leduc Alice, Tourterel Christophe, Drevet Christine, Ravigné Virginie, Gagnevin Lionel, Guérin Fabien, Chiroleu Frédéric, Koebnik Ralf, Verdier Véronique, Vernière Christian. 2014. A MLVA genotyping scheme for global surveillance of the citrus pathogen Xanthomonas citri pv. citri suggests a worldwide geographical expansion of a single genetic lineage. [S4-O6]. In : The 13th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. Programme and abstracts. SCPBD. Shanghai : SCPBD, Résumé, pp. 94-95. 13th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, Shanghai, Chine, 8 June 2014/13 June 2014.

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Abstract : MultiLocus Variable number of tandem repeat Analysis (MLVA) has been extensively used to examine epidemiological and evolutionary issues on mon morphic human pathogenic bacteria but not on bacterial plant pathogens of agricultural importance albeit such tool would improve our understanding of their epidemiology, a well a of the history of epidemic on a global scale. Xanthomonas citri pv. citri is a quarantine organism in several countries and a major threat for the citrus industry worldwide. We screened the genomes of Xanthomonas citri pv. citri strain lAPAR 306 and of phylogenetically related xanthomonads for tandem repeat . From these in silico data, an optimized MLVA scheme was developed to assess the global diversity of this monomorphic bacterium. Thirty-one minisatellite loci (MLVA-31) were selected to assess the genetic structure of 129 strains representative of the worldwide pathological and genetic diversity of X. citri pv. citri. Based on Discriminant Analysis of Principal Components (DAPC), four pathotype-specific cluster were defined. DAPC cluster 1 comprised strain that were implicated in the major geographical expansion of X. citri pv. citri during the 20th century. A subset of 12 loci (MLV -12) resolved 89% of the total diversity and matched the genetic structure revealed by MLVA-31. MLVA-12 is proposed for routine epidemiological identification of X. citri pv. citri, whereas MLVA-31 is proposed for phylogenetic and population genetics studies. MLVA-31 represents an opportunity for international X. citri pv. citrigenotyping and data sharing. The MLVA-31 data generated in this study was deposited in the Xanthomonas citri genotyping database (http://www.biopred.net/MLVAf). (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Pruvost Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Magne Maxime, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Boyer Karine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Leduc Alice, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Tourterel Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (FRA)
  • Drevet Christine, Université de Paris-Sud (FRA)
  • Ravigné Virginie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-4252-2574
  • Gagnevin Lionel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Guérin Fabien, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Chiroleu Frédéric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-4874-5357
  • Koebnik Ralf, IRD (FRA)
  • Verdier Véronique, IRD (FRA)
  • Vernière Christian, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-2312-2073

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587150/)

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