Relationships between anatomical and vibrational properties of wavy sycamore maple

Alkadri Ahmad, Carlier Capucine, Wahyudi Imam, Gril Joseph, Langbour Patrick, Brémaud Iris. 2018. Relationships between anatomical and vibrational properties of wavy sycamore maple. IAWA Journal, 39 (1) : pp. 63-86.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FORESTRY

Abstract : Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) is a wood species particularly known for its wavy grain figure and its high-value utilization among luthiers and craftsmen for making musical instruments or furniture. In this study, the anatomical and physical-acoustical characteristics of its wood, taken from different trees with various surface figures, were characterized. Vibrational mechanical measurements were conducted taking into account radial and longitudinal directions and local variations. Waviness parameters were quantified on split blocks, and anatomical properties such as microfibril angle and ray dimensions were measured using light microscopy. Results provide a complete dataset on the properties of sycamore maple along a gradient of the wavy figure. Through statistical analysis, significant correlations were found between the measured parameters, particularly between the waviness and microfibril angle, and between the anatomical features and the specific modulus of elasticity and damping by internal friction of the wood in the longitudinal direction. Anisotropy was found to be very low but was not satisfactorily explained by the studied anatomical features. Prospects for future studies on the wavy figure are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Acer pseudoplatanus, Bois, Anatomie du bois, Propriété acoustique, Propriété physicochimique, Propriété technologique, Vibration, Son (acoustique), Élasticité, Retrait

Mots-clés complémentaires : Anisotropie, Module d'élasticité

Mots-clés libres : Acoustic properties, Anisotropy, Damping, Microfibril angle, Specific modulus of elasticity, Rays, Wavy grain

Classification Agris : K50 - Processing of forest products
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 2 (2014-2018) - Valorisation de la biomasse

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Alkadri Ahmad, CNRS (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Carlier Capucine, CNRS (FRA)
  • Wahyudi Imam, Université de Montpellier (FRA)
  • Gril Joseph, CNRS (FRA)
  • Langbour Patrick, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR BioWooEB (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6037-255X
  • Brémaud Iris, CNRS (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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