Spatial and temporal variation in the abundance of Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in nine European countries

Cuéllar Ana Carolina, Kjær Lene Jung, Kirkeby Carsten, Skovgard Henrik, Nielsen Soren Achim, Stockmarr Anders, Andersson Mats Gunnar, Lindstrom Anders, Chirico Jan, Lühken Renke, Steinke Sonja, Kiel Ellen, Gethmann Jörn M., Conraths Franz J., Larska Magdalena, Hamnes Inger, Sviland Stale, Hopp Petter, Brugger Katharina, Rubel Franz, Balenghien Thomas, Garros Claire, Rakotoarivony Ignace, Allene Xavier, Lhoir Jonathan, Chavernac David, Delecolle Jean Claude, Mathieu Bruno, Delecolle Delphine, Setier-Rio Marie-Laure, Venail Roger, Scheid Bethsabée, Miranda-Chueca Miguel Angel, Barcelo Carlos, Lucientes Javier, Estrada Rosa, Mathis Alexander, Tack Wesley, Bodker René. 2018. Spatial and temporal variation in the abundance of Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in nine European countries. Parasites and Vectors, 11 (112), 18 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : TROPICAL MEDICINE / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PARASITOLOGY

Abstract : Background: Biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV), African horse sickness virus and Schmallenberg virus (SBV). Outbreaks of both BTV and SBV have affected large parts of Europe. The spread of these diseases depends largely on vector distribution and abundance. The aim of this analysis was to identify and quantify major spatial patterns and temporal trends in the distribution and seasonal variation of observed Culicoides abundance in nine countries in Europe. Methods: We gathered existing Culicoides data from Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Poland. In total, 31,429 Culicoides trap collections were available from 904 ruminant farms across these countries between 2007 and 2013. Results: The Obsoletus ensemble was distributed widely in Europe and accounted for 83% of all 8,842,998 Culicoides specimens in the dataset, with the highest mean monthly abundance recorded in France, Germany and southern Norway. The Pulicaris ensemble accounted for only 12% of the specimens and had a relatively southerly and easterly spatial distribution compared to the Obsoletus ensemble. Culicoides imicola Kieffer was only found in Spain and the southernmost part of France. There was a clear spatial trend in the accumulated annual abundance from southern to northern Europe, with the Obsoletus ensemble steadily increasing from 4000 per year in southern Europe to 500,000 in Scandinavia. The Pulicaris ensemble showed a very different pattern, with an increase in the accumulated annual abundance from 1600 in Spain, peaking at 41,000 in northern Germany and then decreasing again toward northern latitudes. For the two species ensembles and C. imicola, the season began between January and April, with later start dates and increasingly shorter vector seasons at more northerly latitudes. Conclusion: We present the first maps of seasonal Culicoides abundance in large parts of Europe covering a gradient from southern Spain to northern Scandinavia. The identified temporal trends and spatial patterns are useful for planning the allocation of resources for international prevention and surveillance programmes in the European Union. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Culicoides, Distribution géographique, Cartographie, Distribution spatiale, Dynamique des populations, Vecteur de maladie, Peste équine africaine, Fièvre catarrhale du mouton, Variation saisonnière, Surveillance épidémiologique, Analyse du risque, Entomologie, Banque de données, Bétail, Ruminant, Virus des animaux

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Espagne, France, Suisse, Allemagne, Autriche, Suède, Norvège, Pologne, Danemark

Mots-clés complémentaires : Schmallenberg virus

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Cuéllar Ana Carolina, NVI (DNK) - auteur correspondant
  • Kjær Lene Jung, NVI (DNK)
  • Kirkeby Carsten, NVI (DNK)
  • Skovgard Henrik, Aarhus University (DNK)
  • Nielsen Soren Achim, Roskilde University (DNK)
  • Stockmarr Anders, Technical University of Denmark (DNK)
  • Andersson Mats Gunnar, National Veterinary Institute (SWE)
  • Lindstrom Anders, National Veterinary Institute (SWE)
  • Chirico Jan, National Veterinary Institute (SWE)
  • Lühken Renke, Bernhard Nocht Institut fuer Schiffs und Tropenkrankheiten (DEU)
  • Steinke Sonja, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (DEU)
  • Kiel Ellen, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (DEU)
  • Gethmann Jörn M., FLI (DEU)
  • Conraths Franz J., FLI (DEU)
  • Larska Magdalena, National Veterinary Research Institute (POL)
  • Hamnes Inger, Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NOR)
  • Sviland Stale, Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NOR)
  • Hopp Petter, Norwegian Veterinary Institute (NOR)
  • Brugger Katharina, Institute for Veterinary Public Health (AUT)
  • Rubel Franz, Institute for Veterinary Public Health (AUT)
  • Balenghien Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (MAR)
  • Garros Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (REU) ORCID: 0000-0003-4378-5031
  • Rakotoarivony Ignace, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Allene Xavier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Lhoir Jonathan
  • Chavernac David, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Delecolle Jean Claude, Faculté de médecine de Strasbourg (FRA)
  • Mathieu Bruno, Université de Strasbourg (FRA)
  • Delecolle Delphine, Université de Strasbourg (FRA)
  • Setier-Rio Marie-Laure, EID (FRA)
  • Venail Roger, EID (FRA)
  • Scheid Bethsabée, EID (FRA)
  • Miranda-Chueca Miguel Angel, UIB (ESP)
  • Barcelo Carlos, UIB (ESP)
  • Lucientes Javier, Universidad de Zaragoza (ESP)
  • Estrada Rosa, University of Zaragoza (ESP)
  • Mathis Alexander, University of Zurich (CHE)
  • Tack Wesley, Avia-GIS (BEL)
  • Bodker René, NVI (DNK)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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