Animal and human health: tackling uncertainty through participatory modelling and simulation

Duboz Raphaël, Binot Aurélie. 2017. Animal and human health: tackling uncertainty through participatory modelling and simulation. Perspective (41) : pp. 1-4.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : Zoonoses–infectious diseases communicable between animals and humans–, drug resistance and environmental pollution are now causing serious health problems worldwide. These problems are closely tied to global environmental and socio-economic changes and to the transformation of production systems at the territorial level. In this context, health management is becoming a complex issue: it needs to be addressed in close collaboration with the public veterinary health, agriculture and environment sectors. New uncertainties are emerging, and non- conventional actors are entering the scene along-side the decision-makers traditionally responsible for public health. The participatory modelling and simulation approach incorporates the diverse knowledge of all of these actors. It reveals uncertainties and teaches participants how to manage them, to make decisions and to share responsibility. It constitutes a practical solution to ensure health issues are better integrated into territorial planning policies.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Zoonose, Santé publique, Santé animale, Approches participatives, Modèle de simulation, Modèle, Aide à la décision, Politique sanitaire, Aménagement du territoire, Développement intégré, Recherche interdisciplinaire, Innovation, Méthodologie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Modélisation d'accompagnement, Développement territorial

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
000 - Autres thèmes
L70 - Veterinary science and hygiene
U30 - Research methods
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

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