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How to better include environmental assessment in public decision- making: Lessons from the use of an LCA-calculator for wastewater systems

Guerin-Schneider Laetitia, Tsanga-Tabi Marie, Roux Philippe, Catel Laureline, Biard Yannick. 2018. How to better include environmental assessment in public decision- making: Lessons from the use of an LCA-calculator for wastewater systems. Journal of Cleaner Production, 187 : pp. 1057-1068.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (Science)

Abstract : Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), although widely disseminated in the industrial sector, remains underutilized in the public sector. The literature has addressed the relationship between scientific knowledge and decision-making from positivist and relativist epistemological perspectives. Both provide explanations for this weak dissemination and suggest solutions. Several of these solutions were explored through the implementation of a simplified LCA calculator in the public wastewater sector in France. This experiment highlighted the importance of two simplification principles: the first is to provide a calculator that already includes a catalogue of LCA ready-for use; the second is to guide the interpretation of LCA results by reducing, step by step, the number of impacts considered. A special effort has been made on the graphic format used to presents results. These principles can be generalized to other contexts. This work calls for the involvement of management sciences in LCA research and for co-building solutions with potential users.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Eau usée, Utilisation des déchets

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Mots-clés libres : Life cycle assessment, Public decision support, Wastewater services, Display of results

Classification Agris : P10 - Water resources and management

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Guerin-Schneider Laetitia, IRSTEA (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Tsanga-Tabi Marie, IRSTEA (FRA)
  • Roux Philippe, IRSTEA (FRA)
  • Catel Laureline, IRSTEA (FRA)
  • Biard Yannick, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3974-3536

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587513/)

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