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Stochastic modelling of tree architecture and biomass allocation: Application to teak (Tectona grandis L. f.), a tree species with polycyclic growth and leaf neoformation

Tondjo Kodjo, Brancheriau Loïc, Sabatier Sylvie-Annabel, Kokutse Adzo Dzifa, Kokou Kouami, Jaeger Marc, De Reffye Philippe, Fourcaud Thierry. 2018. Stochastic modelling of tree architecture and biomass allocation: Application to teak (Tectona grandis L. f.), a tree species with polycyclic growth and leaf neoformation. Annals of Botany, 121 (7) : pp. 1397-1410.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Background and aims For a given genotype, the observed variability of tree forms results from the stochasticity of meristem functioning and from changing and heterogeneous environmental factors affecting biomass formation and allocation. In response to climate change, trees adapt their architecture by adjusting growth processes such as pre- and neoformation, as well as polycyclic growth. This is the case for the teak tree. The aim of this work was to adapt the plant model, GreenLab, in order to take into consideration both these processes using existing data on this tree species. Methods This work adopted GreenLab formalism based on source–sink relationships at organ level that drive biomass production and partitioning within the whole plant over time. The stochastic aspect of phytomer production can be modelled by a Bernoulli process. The teak model was designed, parameterized and analysed using the architectural data from 2- to 5-year-old teak trees in open field stands. Key results Growth and development parameters were identified, fitting the observed compound organic series with the theoretical series, using generalized least squares methods. Phytomer distributions of growth units and branching pattern varied depending on their axis category, i.e. their physiological age. These emerging properties were in accordance with the observed growth patterns and biomass allocation dynamics during a growing season marked by a short dry season. Conclusions Annual growth patterns observed on teak, including shoot pre- and neoformation and polycyclism, were reproduced by the new version of the GreenLab model. However, further updating is discussed in order to ensure better consideration of radial variation in basic specific gravity of wood. Such upgrading of the model will enable teak ideotypes to be defined for improving wood production in terms of both volume and quality.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Forêt, Bioinformatique, Morphologie végétale, Tectona grandis

Mots-clés libres : Tectona grandis, GreenLab, Polycyclism, Neoformation, Annual growth, Dry biomass, Stochastic, Model, Plant architecture

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tondjo Kodjo, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Brancheriau Loïc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR BioWooEB (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-9580-7696
  • Sabatier Sylvie-Annabel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Kokutse Adzo Dzifa, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Kokou Kouami, Université de Lomé (TGO)
  • Jaeger Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • De Reffye Philippe
  • Fourcaud Thierry, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9475-7239

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587527/)

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