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Combining global tree cover loss data with historical national forest cover maps to look at six decades of deforestation and forest fragmentation in Madagascar

Vieilledent Ghislain, Grinand Clovis, Rakotomalala Fety, Ranaivosoa Rija, Rakotoarijaona Jean-Roger, Allnutt Thomas F., Achard Frédéric. 2018. Combining global tree cover loss data with historical national forest cover maps to look at six decades of deforestation and forest fragmentation in Madagascar. Biological Conservation, 222 : pp. 189-197.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Url - jeu de données : https://doi.org/10.18167/DVN1/2FP7LR / Url - jeu de données : https://doi.org/10.18167/DVN1/275TDF / Url - jeu de données : https://doi.org/10.18167/DVN1/AUBRRC

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Abstract : The island of Madagascar has a unique biodiversity, mainly located in the tropical forests of the island. This biodiversity is highly threatened by anthropogenic deforestation. Existing historical forest maps at national level are scattered and have substantial gaps which prevent an exhaustive assessment of long-term deforestation trends in Madagascar. In this study, we combined historical national forest cover maps (covering the period 1953–2000) with a recent global annual tree cover loss dataset (2001–2014) to look at six decades of deforestation and forest fragmentation in Madagascar (from 1953 to 2014). We produced new forest cover maps at 30 m resolution for the year 1990 and annually from 2000 to 2014 over the full territory of Madagascar. We estimated that Madagascar has lost 44% of its natural forest cover over the period 1953–2014 (including 37% over the period 1973–2014). Natural forests cover 8.9 Mha in 2014 (15% of the national territory) and include 4.4 Mha (50%) of moist forests, 2.6 Mha (29%) of dry forests, 1.7 Mha of spiny forests (19%) and 177 000 ha (2%) of mangroves. Since 2005, the annual deforestation rate has progressively increased in Madagascar to reach 99 000 ha/yr during 2010–2014 (corresponding to a rate of 1.1%/yr). Around half of the forest (46%) is now located at less than 100 m from the forest edge. Our approach could be replicated to other developing countries with tropical forest. Accurate forest cover change maps can be used to assess the effectiveness of past and current conservation programs and implement new strategies for the future. In particular, forest maps and estimates can be used in the REDD+ framework which aims at “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation” and for optimizing the current protected area network.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Forêt, forêt tropicale, Déboisement, Biodiversité

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Mots-clés libres : Biodiversity, Climate change, Deforestation, Forest fragmentation, Madagascar, Tropical forest

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
K70 - Forest injuries and protection
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2014-2018) - Sociétés, natures et territoires

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Vieilledent Ghislain, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (ITA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1685-4997 - auteur correspondant
  • Grinand Clovis, ETC Terra (FRA)
  • Rakotomalala Fety, ETCTerra (MDG)
  • Ranaivosoa Rija, ONE (MDG)
  • Rakotoarijaona Jean-Roger, ONE (MDG)
  • Allnutt Thomas F., Wildlife Conservation Society (MDG)
  • Achard Frédéric, Centre commun de recherche de la commission européenne (ITA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/587679/)

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