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Assessment of the impact of climate change in temperate zone on grain legume yield and N2 fixation. PS-4.1-05

Falconnier Gatien N., Vermue Anthony, Journet Etienne-Pascal, Bedoussac Laurent, Justes Eric. 2018. Assessment of the impact of climate change in temperate zone on grain legume yield and N2 fixation. PS-4.1-05. In : Book of abstracts of the XV European Society for Agronomy Congress : "Innovative cropping and farming systems for high quality food production systems". Agroscope. Genève : Agroscope, Résumé, p. 20. European Society for Agronomy Congress (ESA 2018). 15, Genève, Suisse, 27 August 2018/31 August 2018.

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Abstract : Climate change is likely to strengthen abiotic stresses on crops in temperate zones. Grain legumes and the associated provision of ecosystem services are the cornerstone of more sustainable cropping systems, yet the impact of climate change on their performance has not been extensively quantified. Based on previous experiments carried out in south-western France with low biotic stress, we calibrated the STICS soil-crop model for spring pea (SP), winter pea (WP) and winter faba bean (WF) grown on two types of soil with available soil water ranging from 64 to 167 mm and evaluated its quality of prediction on an independent dataset. STICS was used to explore the effect of climate change scenarios on the legumes performance. Assuming no adaption of crop management, mean and inter-annual variability of grain yield and N2 fixation were assessed for historical (1995-2015), mid-term (2020- 2040) and long-term (2060-2080) periods, considering projections from two coupled atmosphere-ocean Global Circulating Models (GCM), and two Representative CO2 Concentration Pathways (RCP), i.e. RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5. The GCMs consistently predicted no significant change in rainfall amounts but indicated a 1.7°C and 2.5°C increase in average temperature over the growth period in the long term under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 respectively. Therefore, simulations indicated no extra water stress with future climate. The increase in temperature entailed a shortening in crop duration and a slight but significant increase in the temperature stress factor values for grain filling, for photosynthesis and for N2 fixation during the reproductive period (+1% to +13 % depending on temperature stress, crop and RCP). Under RCP 4.5, yield decreased by 23 to 34% (depending on crop) in the long term. Average fixed N2 decreased by 16% to 34%. Probability of yield failure (i.e. yield below the 20th percentile of historical yield) increased from 20 to 50, 54 and 58% for WF, WP and SP respectively. Probability of N2 fixation failure increased from 20 to 34, 50 and 53% for WP, WF and SP respectively. In contrast, under RCP 8.5, the CO2 fertilisation effect would offset the decrease in yield due to the shorthening in crop duration and simulations predicted a 8 to 13 % average yield increase in the long term. Average N2 fixation would increase by 15 to 23%. Probability of yield failure would increase from 20 to 21, 25 and 27% for WF, WP and SP respectively. Probability of N2 fixation failure would increase for SP (from 20 to 31%) but decrease for WF (from 20 to 13%) and WP (from 20 to 11%). The increased probability of yield and N2 fixation failure simulated with the RCP 4.5 scenario indicates the need for technical and transformational adaptations for grain legumes to deliver the expected ecosystem services with future climate. Under RCP 8.5, better yield and N2 fixation with elevated CO2 highlight the opportunity represented by climate change for inclusion of more grain legumes in cropping systems.

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Falconnier Gatien N., CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-3291-650X
  • Vermue Anthony, INRA (FRA)
  • Journet Etienne-Pascal, INRA (FRA)
  • Bedoussac Laurent, Université de Toulouse (FRA)
  • Justes Eric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7390-7058

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/588915/)

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