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Survey of ebola viruses in frugivorous and insectivorous bats in Guinea, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2015–2017

De Nys Hélène, Mbala Kingebeni Placide, Keita Alpha K., Butel Christelle, Thaurignac Guillaume, Villabona-Arenas Christian-Julian, Lemarcis Thomas, Geraerts Mare, Vidal Nicole, Esteban Amandine, Bourgarel Mathieu, Roger François, Leendertz Fabian, Diallo Ramadan, Ndimbo-Kumugo Simon-Pierre, Nsio-Mbeta Justus, Tagg Nikki, Koivogui Lamine, Toure Abdoulaye, Delaporte Eric, Ahuka-Mundeke Steve, Muyembe Tamfum Jean-Jacques, Mpoudi-Ngole Eitel, Ayouba Ahidjo, Peeters Martine. 2018. Survey of ebola viruses in frugivorous and insectivorous bats in Guinea, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2015–2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 24 (12) : pp. 2228-2240.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : INFECTIOUS DISEASES / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : IMMUNOLOGY

Abstract : To clarify the role of bats in the ecology of Ebola viruses, we assessed the prevalence of Ebola virus antibodies in a large-scale sample of bats collected during 2015–2017 from countries in Africa that have had previous Ebola outbreaks (Guinea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo) or are at high risk for outbreaks (Cameroon). We analyzed 4,022 blood samples of bats from >12 frugivorous and 27 insectivorous species; 2–37 (0.05%–0.92%) bats were seropositive for Zaire and 0–30 (0%–0.75%) bats for Sudan Ebola viruses. We observed Ebola virus antibodies in 1 insectivorous bat genus and 6 frugivorous bat species. Certain bat species widespread across Africa had serologic evidence of Zaire and Sudan Ebola viruses. No viral RNA was detected in the subset of samples tested (n = 665). Ongoing surveillance of bats and other potential animal reservoirs are required to predict and prepare for future outbreaks.

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guinée, République démocratique du Congo, Cameroun

Mots-clés libres : Ebola, Bats, Serology, Africa

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • De Nys Hélène, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2942-4531 - auteur correspondant
  • Mbala Kingebeni Placide, IRD (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Keita Alpha K., IRD (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Butel Christelle, IRD (FRA)
  • Thaurignac Guillaume, IRD (FRA)
  • Villabona-Arenas Christian-Julian, IRD (FRA)
  • Lemarcis Thomas, IRD (FRA)
  • Geraerts Mare, IRD (FRA)
  • Vidal Nicole, IRD (FRA)
  • Esteban Amandine, IRD (FRA)
  • Bourgarel Mathieu, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (ZWE) ORCID: 0000-0001-9774-7669
  • Roger François, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-1573-6833
  • Leendertz Fabian, Robert Koch-Institute (DEU)
  • Diallo Ramadan, Ministère de l'Elevage et des Productions Animales (Guinée) (GIN)
  • Ndimbo-Kumugo Simon-Pierre, INRB (COG)
  • Nsio-Mbeta Justus, Direction de Lutte contre la Maladie (COG)
  • Tagg Nikki, Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp (BEL)
  • Koivogui Lamine, UGANC (GIN)
  • Toure Abdoulaye, Institut national de santé publique (GIN)
  • Delaporte Eric, IRD (FRA)
  • Ahuka-Mundeke Steve, INRB (COG)
  • Muyembe Tamfum Jean-Jacques, INRB (COG)
  • Mpoudi-Ngole Eitel, IMPM (CMR)
  • Ayouba Ahidjo, IRD (FRA)
  • Peeters Martine, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/589160/)

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