Crisis prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Agriculture: the key to the employment challenge

Losch Bruno. 2012. Crisis prevention in sub-Saharan Africa. Agriculture: the key to the employment challenge. Perspective (19) : pp. 1-4.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : In sub-Saharan Africa, 330 million young people will enter the job market over the next 15 years. That is equivalent to the current population of the United States. This influx could be a catalyst for development, provided there is growth that creates employment. Otherwise, there will be major political risks for Africa and the rest of the world. Yet African economies remain predominantly engaged in agriculture and international competition leaves little scope for rapid economic diversification. Jobs will therefore need to be created on a massive scale in agriculture and the rural sector, especially given that around 200 million of these new workers will live in rural areas. To address this challenge, as well as that of food security, there is an urgent need to establish areas of priority action aimed at reaching the largest number of people possible. This will mean focusing on family farming, supporting the development of food crops and stepping up rural diversification by strengthening the sustainability of local economies.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Politique de développement, Développement agricole, Crise économique, Emploi, Exploitation agricole familiale, Petite exploitation agricole, Développement rural, Diversification, sécurité alimentaire, Plante alimentaire, Économie rurale, Développement durable, Agriculture durable

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique au sud du Sahara

Mots-clés complémentaires : Filière

Classification Agris : E12 - Labour and employment
E14 - Development economics and policies
E10 - Agricultural economics and policies
E50 - Rural sociology
E90 - Agrarian structure

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2005-2013) - Politiques publiques, pauvreté et inégalités

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Losch Bruno, CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (USA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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