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Native coffee agroforestry in the Western Ghats of India maintains higher carbon storage and tree diversity compared to exotic agroforestry

Guillemot Joannès, Le Maire Guerric, Munishamappa Manjunatha, Charbonnier Fabien, Vaast Philippe. 2018. Native coffee agroforestry in the Western Ghats of India maintains higher carbon storage and tree diversity compared to exotic agroforestry. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 265 : pp. 461-469.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Abstract : The ongoing introduction of the exotic Grevillea robusta tree species into agroforestry systems (AFS) of the Indian Western Ghats could become a threat to both climate change mitigation and tree diversity conservation. Here, we quantified carbon (C) storage and shade tree diversity in native forests and coffee AFS under contrasted management (native versus exotic shade trees, Robusta versus Arabica systems) at 67 plots along a 3500 mm precipitation gradient in the Cauvery watershed, India. Despite a substantial reduction of shade tree cover in native AFS compared to forest (from 90% to 32% in the high precipitation area), native AFS and forests displayed high and comparable C stocks (max. 228 MgC ha−1 and 234 MgC ha-1, respectively) and tree diversity (max. 44 and 45 species, respectively). Both variables were negatively impacted by the introduction of G. robusta, especially in Robusta coffee systems (max. 158 MgC ha−1, 12 species). The current trend toward the introduction of G. robusta in coffee AFS of the study area (exotic agroforestry) negatively affects C storage and tree diversity, especially in Robusta coffee systems. Policy makers should take advantage of the carbon-tree diversity positive correlation found in the agroforestry landscape of the Western Ghats of India to promote conservation and climate change mitigation.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agroforesterie, Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, Grevillea robusta, séquestration du carbone, Organisme indigène

Mots-clés libres : Biodiversity conservation, Ecosystem services, Grevillea robusta, Land-use choice, Soil organic carbon, Tree biomass

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
K10 - Forestry production
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Guillemot Joannès, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4385-7656 - auteur correspondant
  • Le Maire Guerric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5227-958X
  • Munishamappa Manjunatha, EMPRI (IND)
  • Charbonnier Fabien, Université de Montpellier (FRA)
  • Vaast Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/589239/)

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