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Biofunctool®: A new framework to assess the impact of land management on soil quality. Part B: Investigating the impact of land management of rubber plantations on soil quality with the Biofunctool® index

Thoumazeau Alexis, Bessou Cécile, Renevier Marie-Sophie, Panklang Phantip, Puttaso Porntip, Peerawat Monrawee, Heepngoen Pusanisa, Polwong Prapatsorn, Koonklang Nitjaporn, Sdoodee Sayan, Chantuma Pisamai, Lawongsa Phrueksa, Nimkingra Prakaijan, Thaler Philippe, Gay Frédéric, Brauman Alain. 2019. Biofunctool®: A new framework to assess the impact of land management on soil quality. Part B: Investigating the impact of land management of rubber plantations on soil quality with the Biofunctool® index. Ecological Indicators, 97 : pp. 429-437.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Abstract : Biofunctool® is a new framework for assessing the impact of land management on soil quality – defined as the capacity of the soil to function. Biofunctool® uses a set of twelve indicators to monitor changes in three key soil functions: carbon transformation, nutrient cycling and structure maintenance (part A). Information from all the indicators is integrated in a Soil Quality Index using multivariate analysis (PCA) weighting. We used Biofunctool® to assess the impact of land use, land use change and agricultural practices on soil quality. The Biofunctool® index was measured for soils in Thailand within rubber plantations, forests and intensive cash crops (cassava and sugar cane). The results demonstrate that the Biofunctool® index provides an aggregated synthetic soil functioning score that is sensitive to land management and is robust in various pedo-climatic contexts. Firstly, the index revealed the impact on soil of land conversion from annual cropping to rubber plantations and ranked the effect on soil with respect to a natural forest reference. Secondly, it showed the positive effect of legume cover-crops on soil functioning. Thirdly, it highlighted a trend of improving soil quality with increasing age of rubber plantations, in contrasted pedo-climatic contexts. It is concluded that the Biofunctool® index is a reliable and relevant descriptor of integrated soil functioning (i.e. soil quality) that could be useful for environmental impact assessment at regional to global scales.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Hévéa

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Thaïlande

Mots-clés libres : Biofunctool® index, Soil Quality Index, Indicators, Land management, Rubber plantation

Classification Agris : P35 - Soil fertility
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics
K10 - Forestry production
A01 - Agriculture - General aspects
E11 - Land economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 2 (2019-) - Transitions agroécologiques

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Thoumazeau Alexis, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-0758-139X - auteur correspondant
  • Bessou Cécile, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6686-8468
  • Renevier Marie-Sophie, Université de Montpellier (FRA)
  • Panklang Phantip, Land Development Department (THA)
  • Puttaso Porntip, Land Development Department (THA)
  • Peerawat Monrawee, Land Development Department (THA)
  • Heepngoen Pusanisa, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Polwong Prapatsorn, Land Development Department (THA)
  • Koonklang Nitjaporn, Land Development Department (THA)
  • Sdoodee Sayan, Prince of Songkla University (THA)
  • Chantuma Pisamai, Chachoengsao Rubber Research Center (THA)
  • Lawongsa Phrueksa, Khon Kaen University (THA)
  • Nimkingra Prakaijan, Khon Kaen University (THA)
  • Thaler Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Gay Frédéric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7624-8489
  • Brauman Alain, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/589430/)

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