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Accounting for land use contribution to climate change in agricultural LCA: Which methods? Which impacts?

Bessou Cécile, Benoist Anthony, Tailleur Aurélie, Godard Caroline, Gac Armelle, Lebas de la Cour Julie, Boissy Joachim, Mischler Pierre. 2018. Accounting for land use contribution to climate change in agricultural LCA: Which methods? Which impacts?. In : Book of abstracts of the 11th International Conference on Life Cycle Assessment of Food 2018 (LCA Food) "Global food challenges towards sustainable consumption and production". Rattanawan Mungkung (ed.), Shabbir H. Gheewala (ed.). Bangkok : Life Cycle Assessment, p. 85. International Conference on Life Cycle Assessment of Food 2018 (LCA Food). 11, Bangkok, Thaïlande, 16 October 2018/20 October 2018.

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Url - éditeur : http://www.lcafood2018.com/wp-content/download/BOA_Prgm_Abs_Final.pdf

Abstract : Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays a key role in soil functioning, i.e. soil quality. Land use affects SOC and soil quality. However, despite various methodological developments, there is still no scientific consensus on the best method to assess the holistic impact of land use and land use change within LCA. The SOCLE project aimed to review how SOC is accounted for in LCA and to test the feasibility and sensitivity of best methodological options. In total, five crop products (annual/perennial, temperate/tropical) and two livestock products were investigated through 32 scenarios of land use changes (LUC) and agricultural land management changes (LMC). Three methodologies were applied, IPCC Tier 1-2 (2006), Müller-Wenk & Brandaõ (2010) and Levasseur et al. (2012). The accounting of LUC and LMC influences greatly the results on the climate change impact category. Based on the project results, we recommend accounting systematically for the impact of LULUC on climate change by applying, a minima, the comprehensive IPCC Tier 1 approach (2006). When available, site-specific data should be used (e.g. Tier 2) for SOC stocks but also C:N ratio and in order to model the digressive impact over 90% of the time period needed to reach equilibrium.

Mots-clés libres : Soil carbon, Climate change, Land use, Agricultural practices

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bessou Cécile, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6686-8468
  • Benoist Anthony, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR BioWooEB (FRA)
  • Tailleur Aurélie, ARVALIS Institut du végétal (FRA)
  • Godard Caroline, Agro-transfert, ressources et territoires (FRA)
  • Gac Armelle, Institut de l'élevage (FRA)
  • Lebas de la Cour Julie, ARVALIS Institut du végétal (FRA)
  • Boissy Joachim, Agro-transfert, ressources et territoires (FRA)
  • Mischler Pierre, Agro-transfert, ressources et territoires (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/589500/)

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