Biofuel from Balanites aegyptiaca: Optimization of the Ffedstock supply chain

Bambara Linda Dominique, Sawadogo Marie, Roy Daniel, Anciaux Didier, Blin Joël, Ouiminga Salifou Kouchka. 2018. Biofuel from Balanites aegyptiaca: Optimization of the Ffedstock supply chain. Sustainability, 10 (12):4501, 15 p. International Renewable Energy Congress, IREC 2017. 8, Amman, Jordanie, 21 March 2017/23 March 2017.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (Social Sciences) / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY (Science)

Abstract : In arid and semi-arid climates, Balanites aegyptiaca (B. aegyptiaca) is a potential plant to produce oilseed-based biofuels. In this paper an optimization model for a wild biomass supply chain is presented. The model was developed to identify the optimal organization of the supply network that minimizes the cost of supplying the feedstock. It was applied to a case study on a B. aegyptiaca seed supply chain in Burkina Faso. Considering different means of transport and different pre-processing locations, the results show that in contexts such as Burkina Faso's, the most efficient option for the supply of B. aegyptiaca seeds is using animal drawn carts to transport the biomass from the harvest sites to the collection points. Feedstock pre-processing should take place before transport and an improvement in pre-processing operations by mechanical de-hulling could help reduce the cost price of the seeds. The results also show that more than 35% of the cost price of B. aegyptiaca seed is accounted for by transport costs. Pre-processing, handling, and storage costs account for about 50% of the cost of the seeds.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Balanites aegyptiaca, Bioénergie, Biomasse, Matière première, Transport, Coût, Traitement

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso

Mots-clés libres : Biofuel, Balanites aegyptiaca, Pre-processing, Biomass supply chain, Optimization

Classification Agris : P06 - Renewable energy resources
K10 - Forestry production
J11 - Handling, transport, storage and protection of plant products
E16 - Production economics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 2 (2014-2018) - Valorisation de la biomasse

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bambara Linda Dominique, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR BioWooEB (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Sawadogo Marie, Université de Lorraine (FRA)
  • Roy Daniel, Université de Lorraine (FRA)
  • Anciaux Didier, Université de Lorraine (FRA)
  • Blin Joël, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR BioWooEB (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6715-2453
  • Ouiminga Salifou Kouchka, Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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