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Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change

Esquivel‐Muelbert Adriane, Baker Timothy R., Dexter K., Lewis Simon L., Brienen Roel Jacobus Wilhelmus, Feldpausch Ted R., Lloyd Jon, Monteagudo‐Mendoza Abel, Arroyo Luzmila, Álvarez-Dávila Esteban, Higuchi Niro, Marimon Beatriz S., Marimon Ben Hur Junior, Silveira Marcos, Vilanova Emilio, Gloor Emanuel, Malhi Yadvinder, Chave Jérôme, Barlow Jos, Bonal Damien, Davila Cardozo Nallaret, Erwin Terry, Fauset Sophie, Herault Bruno, Laurance Susan G.W., Poorter Lourens, Qie Lan, Stahl Clément, Sullivan Steven, Ter Steege Hans, Vos Vincent, Zuidema Pieter A., Almeida Everton, Almeida de Oliveira Edmar, Andrade Ana, Vieira Simone Aparecida, Aragao Luiz E.O.C., Araujo‐Murakami Alejandro, Arets Eric J. M. M., Aymard Gerardo A., Baraloto Christopher, Barbosa de Camargo Plínio, Barroso Jorcely, Bongers Frans, Boot René, Camargo Jose Luis C., Castro Wendeson, Chama Moscoso Victor, Comiskey James, Cornejo Valverde Fernando, Lola da Costa Antonio Carlos, del Aguila Pasquel Jhon, Di Fiore Anthony, Fernanda Duque Luisa, Elias Fernando, Engel Julien, Flores Llampazo Gerardo, Galbraith David, Herrera Fernández Rafael, Honorio Coronado Eurídice N., Hubau Wannes, Jimenez‐Rojas Eliana, Lima Adriano José Nogueira, Umetsu Ricardo Keichi, Laurance William F., Lopez‐Gonzalez Gabriela, Lovejoy Thomas E., Aurelio Melo Cruz Omar, Morandi Paulo, Neill David, Nuñez Vargas Percy, Pallqui Camacho N.C., Parada Gutierrez Alexander, Pardo Guido, Peacock Julie, Peña-Claros Marielos, Peñuela‐Mora Maria Cristina, Petronelli Pascal, et al.. 2019. Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change. Global Change Biology, 25 (1) : pp. 39-56.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : Most of the planet's diversity is concentrated in the tropics, which includes many regions undergoing rapid climate change. Yet, while climate‐induced biodiversity changes are widely documented elsewhere, few studies have addressed this issue for lowland tropical ecosystems. Here we investigate whether the floristic and functional composition of intact lowland Amazonian forests have been changing by evaluating records from 106 long‐term inventory plots spanning 30 years. We analyse three traits that have been hypothesized to respond to different environmental drivers (increase in moisture stress and atmospheric CO2 concentrations): maximum tree size, biogeographic water‐deficit affiliation and wood density. Tree communities have become increasingly dominated by large‐statured taxa, but to date there has been no detectable change in mean wood density or water deficit affiliation at the community level, despite most forest plots having experienced an intensification of the dry season. However, among newly recruited trees, dry‐affiliated genera have become more abundant, while the mortality of wet‐affiliated genera has increased in those plots where the dry season has intensified most. Thus, a slow shift to a more dry‐affiliated Amazonia is underway, with changes in compositional dynamics (recruits and mortality) consistent with climate‐change drivers, but yet to significantly impact whole‐community composition. The Amazon observational record suggests that the increase in atmospheric CO2 is driving a shift within tree communities to large‐statured species and that climate changes to date will impact forest composition, but long generation times of tropical trees mean that biodiversity change is lagging behind climate change.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : forêt tropicale, Changement climatique, Dioxyde de carbone, adaptation aux changements climatiques, biodiversité forestière, Communauté végétale, Composition botanique, Bois tropical

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Amazonie

Classification Agris : K01 - Forestry - General aspects
P40 - Meteorology and climatology
F40 - Plant ecology
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 6 (2019-) - Changement climatique

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Research Council

Programme de financement européen : FP7

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : Raising the alert about critical feedbacks between climate and long-term land use change in the Amazon

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Esquivel‐Muelbert Adriane, University of Leeds (GBR) - auteur correspondant
  • Baker Timothy R., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Dexter K., University of Edinburgh (GBR)
  • Lewis Simon L., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Brienen Roel Jacobus Wilhelmus, University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Feldpausch Ted R., University of Exeter (GBR)
  • Lloyd Jon, Imperial College (GBR)
  • Monteagudo‐Mendoza Abel, Jardin Botanico de Missouri (PER)
  • Arroyo Luzmila, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene Moreno (BOL)
  • Álvarez-Dávila Esteban, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia (COL)
  • Higuchi Niro, INPA (BRA)
  • Marimon Beatriz S., Universidade de Mato Grosso (BRA)
  • Marimon Ben Hur Junior, Universidade de Mato Grosso (BRA)
  • Silveira Marcos, UFAC (BRA)
  • Vilanova Emilio, ULA (VEN)
  • Gloor Emanuel, University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Malhi Yadvinder, University of Oxford (GBR)
  • Chave Jérôme, CNRS (FRA)
  • Barlow Jos, Lancaster University (GBR)
  • Bonal Damien, INRA (FRA)
  • Davila Cardozo Nallaret, Universidad Nacional de la Amazonia Peruana (PER)
  • Erwin Terry, Smithsonian Institution (USA)
  • Fauset Sophie, University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Herault Bruno, CIRAD-ES-UPR Forêts et sociétés (CIV) ORCID: 0000-0002-6950-7286
  • Laurance Susan G.W., James Cook University (AUS)
  • Poorter Lourens, Wageningen University (NLD)
  • Qie Lan, Imperial College London (GBR)
  • Stahl Clément, INRA (GUF)
  • Sullivan Steven, TIGR (USA)
  • Ter Steege Hans, Naturalis Biodiversity Center (NLD)
  • Vos Vincent, UAB (BOL)
  • Zuidema Pieter A., Utrecht University (NLD)
  • Almeida Everton, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Parana (BRA)
  • Almeida de Oliveira Edmar, UFMS (BRA)
  • Andrade Ana, INPA (BRA)
  • Vieira Simone Aparecida, UNICAMP (BRA)
  • Aragao Luiz E.O.C., INPE (BRA)
  • Araujo‐Murakami Alejandro, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene Moreno (BOL)
  • Arets Eric J. M. M., Wageningen University and Research Centre (NLD)
  • Aymard Gerardo A., Universidad Nacional Experimental de Los Llanos Occidentales Ezequiel Zamora (VEN)
  • Baraloto Christopher, Florida International University (USA)
  • Barbosa de Camargo Plínio, Universidade de São Paulo (BRA)
  • Barroso Jorcely, UFAC (BRA)
  • Bongers Frans, Wageningen University and Research Centre (NLD)
  • Boot René, Utrecht University (NLD)
  • Camargo Jose Luis C., INPA (BRA)
  • Castro Wendeson, UFAC (BRA)
  • Chama Moscoso Victor, Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco (PER)
  • Comiskey James, Smithsonian Institution (USA)
  • Cornejo Valverde Fernando
  • Lola da Costa Antonio Carlos, UFPA (BRA)
  • del Aguila Pasquel Jhon, IIAP (PER)
  • Di Fiore Anthony, University of Texas (USA)
  • Fernanda Duque Luisa, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia (COL)
  • Elias Fernando, UFMT (BRA)
  • Engel Julien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AMAP (FRA)
  • Flores Llampazo Gerardo, UNJBG (PER)
  • Galbraith David, University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Herrera Fernández Rafael, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia (ESP)
  • Honorio Coronado Eurídice N., Michigan University (USA)
  • Hubau Wannes, Royal Museum for Central Africa (BEL)
  • Jimenez‐Rojas Eliana, Tecnológico de Antioquia Institución Universitaria (COL)
  • Lima Adriano José Nogueira, INPA (BRA)
  • Umetsu Ricardo Keichi, Universidade de Mato Grosso (BRA)
  • Laurance William F., James Cook University (AUS)
  • Lopez‐Gonzalez Gabriela, University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Lovejoy Thomas E., George Mason University (USA)
  • Aurelio Melo Cruz Omar, Universidad del Tolima (COL)
  • Morandi Paulo, UFMS (BRA)
  • Neill David, Universidad Estatal Amazónica (ECU)
  • Nuñez Vargas Percy, Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco (PER)
  • Pallqui Camacho N.C., Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco (PER)
  • Parada Gutierrez Alexander
  • Pardo Guido, UAB (BOL)
  • Peacock Julie, University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Peña-Claros Marielos, Wageningen University and Research Centre (NLD)
  • Peñuela‐Mora Maria Cristina, Universidad Regional Amazónica Ikiam (ECU)
  • Petronelli Pascal, CIRAD-ES-UMR Ecofog (GUF)
  • et al.

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/590169/)

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