Payments for environmental services and motivation crowding: Towards a conceptual framework

Ezzine de Blas Driss, Corbera Esteve, Lapeyre Renaud. 2019. Payments for environmental services and motivation crowding: Towards a conceptual framework. Ecological Economics, 156 : pp. 434-443.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : ECONOMICS / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : Research on Payments for Environmental Services has only recently started to pay attention to motivation "crowding", i.e. the effect that such rewards might have on either strengthening (crowding-in) or weakening (crowding-out) participants' intrinsic motivations to protect and sustainably manage natural ecosystems. In this Introduction to the special issue Crowding-out or crowding-in? Behavioral and motivational responses to economic incentives for conservation, we propose a conceptual framework that maps out how PES implementation, or incentive-based conservation more broadly, might lead to motivation and behavioural change, drawing on theoretical insights and empirical evidence from behavioural economics and social psychology. We also explain how PES design and implementation factors, such as payment type, communication and verbal rewards, inclusive and participatory decision-making, and monitoring and sanctioning procedures, might harm or enhance intrinsic motivations. We suggest that motivation crowding depends on how these policy features are perceived by and affect an individual's need for satisfaction, modulated in turn by the stimulation or inhibition of competence, autonomy, social and environmental relatedness. We highlight the importance of measuring these variables and their motivation and behavioural outcomes in future PES research, in order to relate psychological processes with other contextual determinants of PES social-ecological performance.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : économie de l'environnement, services écosystémiques, Montant compensatoire

Mots-clés libres : Payments for environmental services, Motivation crowding out, Behavioral economics, Social psychology, Undermining effect

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
E13 - Investment, finance and credit

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 5 (2019-) - Territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ezzine de Blas Driss, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (MEX) - auteur correspondant
  • Corbera Esteve, ICTA [Espagne] (ESP)
  • Lapeyre Renaud, IDDRI (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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