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Can the thermal stability of soil organic matter reflect disturbance and resilience in rubber tree-based agrosystems?

Sebag David, Gay Frédéric, Chevallier Tiphaine, Thaler Philippe, Heepngoen Pusanisa, Sajjaphan Kannika, Brauman Alain. 2018. Can the thermal stability of soil organic matter reflect disturbance and resilience in rubber tree-based agrosystems?. In : Book of abstract Soil organic matter management in agriculture Assessing the potential of the 4per1000 initiative. Thünen Institute of Climate-Smart Agriculture. Braunschweig : Thünen Institute of Climate-Smart Agriculture, p. 46. International Symposium on Soil Organic Matter Management in Agriculture, Braunschweig, Allemagne, 29 May 2018/30 May 2018.

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Editeur : https://www.som-management.org/programme/book-of-abstracts/

Abstract : The capacity of soils to mitigate climate change through carbon sequestration depends on the quantitative but also the qualitative changes in soil organic carbon (SOC). In particular, the stability of SOC has to be considered to evaluate the long-term fate of the soil carbon stocks. The aim of this study was to assess the accurateness of thermal analyzes (Rock-Eval pyrolysis) to monitor the evolution of SOC quality and quantity in different land management situations. Using new I/R diagram (Sebag et al., 2016), dynamics of SOC was assessed in rubber tree-based agrosystems in Thailand. This case study allowed analyzing the changes in SOC properties after land use change (cassava to rubber) and over the ageing of the rubber plantation (up to 25 years). Soil from secondary forest plots were included in the study as a reference of an undisturbed system. While I (contribution of fresh OM) and R indices (global thermal stability) were well correlated in forest soils, our results show a higher I value in cassava field, and increasing R values with rubber plantation age. These results indicate that both SOC stocks and SOC stability increased with the age of plantations. However, R-index in the oldest rubber plantations was lower than in forest. Finally, this study highlights the potential of thermal analyses for monitoring SOC quantity and quality with promising application under the 4‰ initiative.

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sebag David, CNRS (FRA)
  • Gay Frédéric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (CRI) ORCID: 0000-0002-7624-8489
  • Chevallier Tiphaine, INRA (FRA)
  • Thaler Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Heepngoen Pusanisa, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Sajjaphan Kannika, Kasetsart University (THA)
  • Brauman Alain, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/590726/)

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