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Genetic structure and range expansion of Zeugodacus Cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Africa

Delatte Hélène, De Meyer Marc, Virgilio Massimiliano. 2019. Genetic structure and range expansion of Zeugodacus Cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 109 (6) : pp. 713-722.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENTOMOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Hypotheses about the worldwide colonization routes of the melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae), are mainly based on sparse historical records. Here we aim at reconstructing the colonization history of the African continent based on an improved description of the population structure of Z. cucurbitae and approximate Bayesian analyses. Individuals of Z. cucurbitae were sampled in 17 localities from East, West and Central Africa and genotyped at 19 microsatellite markers. Bayesian analyses showed intracontinental population structuring with populations from Uganda diverging from those of Tanzania and populations from Burundi and Kenya showing traces of admixture with West African samples. Approximate Bayesian Computation provided support to the hypothesis of a single introduction Z. cucurbitae into East Africa and subsequent expansion to West Africa, each colonization event was followed by a bottleneck that promoted population divergence within Africa. Parameter estimates suggested that these events are roughly compatible with the historical records of Z. cucurbitae presence in sub-Saharan Africa (viz. 1936 in East Africa and 1999 in West Africa) and allow excluding alternative hypotheses on older or multiple introductions of Z. cucurbitae.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Théorie bayésienne, Statistiques, Ravageur des plantes, Dynamique des populations

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ouganda, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Burundi, Kenya, Afrique orientale, Afrique centrale, Afrique occidentale

Mots-clés complémentaires : Zeugodacus cucurbitae

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Regional Development Fund

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Delatte Hélène, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) - auteur correspondant
  • De Meyer Marc, Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale (BEL)
  • Virgilio Massimiliano, Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale (BEL)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/591085/)

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