Discontinuities in quinoa biodiversity in the dry Andes: An 18-century perspective based on allelic genotyping

Winkel Thierry, Aguirre María Gabriela, Arizio Carla Marcela, Aschero Carlos Alberto, Babot María del Pilar, Benoit Laure, Burgarella Concetta, Costa-Tártara Sabrina, Dubois Marie-Pierre, Gay Laurène, Hocsman Salomón, Jullien Margaux, López-Campeny Sara María Luisa, Manifesto María Marcela, Navascués Miguel, Oliszewski Nurit, Pintar Elizabeth, Zenboudji Saliha, Bertero Hector Daniel, Joffre Richard. 2018. Discontinuities in quinoa biodiversity in the dry Andes: An 18-century perspective based on allelic genotyping. PloS One, 13 (12), e0207519, 13 p.

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Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : History and environment shape crop biodiversity, particularly in areas with vulnerable human communities and ecosystems. Tracing crop biodiversity over time helps understand how rural societies cope with anthropogenic or climatic changes. Exceptionally well preserved ancient DNA of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) from the cold and arid Andes of Argentina has allowed us to track changes and continuities in quinoa diversity over 18 centuries, by coupling genotyping of 157 ancient and modern seeds by 24 SSR markers with cluster and coalescence analyses. Cluster analyses revealed clear population patterns separating modern and ancient quinoas. Coalescence-based analyses revealed that genetic drift within a single population cannot explain genetic differentiation among ancient and modern quinoas. The hypothesis of a genetic bottleneck related to the Spanish Conquest also does not seem to apply at a local scale. Instead, the most likely scenario is the replacement of preexisting quinoa gene pools with new ones of lower genetic diversity. This process occurred at least twice in the last 18 centuries: first, between the 6th and 12th centuries—a time of agricultural intensification well before the Inka and Spanish conquests—and then between the 13th century and today—a period marked by farming marginalization in the late 19th century likely due to a severe multidecadal drought. While these processes of local gene pool replacement do not imply losses of genetic diversity at the metapopulation scale, they support the view that gene pool replacement linked to social and environmental changes can result from opposite agricultural trajectories.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Quinoa, Chenopodium quinoa, Biodiversité, Variation génétique, Génotype, ADN, Changement climatique, Environnement

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Pérou, Bolivie (État plurinational de), Chili, Argentine, Région andine

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Winkel Thierry, IRD (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Aguirre María Gabriela, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman (ARG)
  • Arizio Carla Marcela, INTA (ARG)
  • Aschero Carlos Alberto, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman (ARG)
  • Babot María del Pilar, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman (ARG)
  • Benoit Laure, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CBGP (FRA)
  • Burgarella Concetta, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4522-4297
  • Costa-Tártara Sabrina, Universidad Nacional de Luján (ARG)
  • Dubois Marie-Pierre, CNRS (FRA)
  • Gay Laurène, INRA (FRA)
  • Hocsman Salomón, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman (ARG)
  • Jullien Margaux, INRA (FRA)
  • López-Campeny Sara María Luisa, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman (ARG)
  • Manifesto María Marcela, INTA (ARG)
  • Navascués Miguel, INRA (FRA)
  • Oliszewski Nurit, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman (ARG)
  • Pintar Elizabeth, Austin Community College (USA)
  • Zenboudji Saliha, CEFE (FRA)
  • Bertero Hector Daniel, Universidad de Buenos Aires (ARG)
  • Joffre Richard, CNRS (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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