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Frequency of bacteriuria in dogs with chronic kidney disease: A retrospective study of 201 cases

Lamoureux Anaïs, Da Riz Fiona, Cappelle Julien, Boulouis Henri-Jean, Benchekroun Ghita, Cadoré Jean-Luc, Krafft Emilie, Maurey Christelle. 2019. Frequency of bacteriuria in dogs with chronic kidney disease: A retrospective study of 201 cases. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 33 (2) : pp. 640-647.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : Background: Studies have shown an increased prevalence of positive urine culture (PUC) in cats with chronic kidney disease (CKD); no information is available in dogs. Objectives: To document the PUC frequency in a cohort of dogs with CKD, determine risk factors for PUC, and identify associations between clinicopathologic data and PUC. Animals: Two hundred one client‐owned dogs with CKD. Methods: Retrospective, observational study. Dogs recruited from 2 veterinary teaching hospitals were included if they were diagnosed with CKD and had a culture performed on urine collected by cystocentesis. The PUC frequency was calculated, multivariate analysis was performed to identify risk factors, and associations with clinicopathologic data were investigated. Results: Sixty‐five dogs (32%) with CKD had PUC, including 8 (28%) in International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) stage 1; only 8% showed signs of a urinary tract infection. Escherichia coli was the most common isolate (67%). A PUC was more likely in females (odds ratio [OR], 3.22; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.67‐6.37; P < .001) than males and in dogs with isosthenuria (OR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.24‐5.03; P = .01) than in dogs with urine‐specific gravity 1.013‐1.024. A positive leukocyte esterase test and microorganisms found by urine sediment analysis were significantly associated with PUC (both P < .001). Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Dogs with CKD, even IRIS stage 1, have a high frequency of PUC and most cases are asymptomatic. A urine culture could be considered in the routine evaluation of dogs with CKD, but the clinical relevance of a PUC remains unknown and needs further evaluation.

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lamoureux Anaïs, Université de Lyon (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Da Riz Fiona, ENVA (FRA)
  • Cappelle Julien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7668-1971
  • Boulouis Henri-Jean, ENVA (FRA)
  • Benchekroun Ghita, ENVA (FRA)
  • Cadoré Jean-Luc, Université de Lyon (FRA)
  • Krafft Emilie, Université de Lyon (FRA)
  • Maurey Christelle, ENVA (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/591286/)

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