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Intensive silviculture enhances biomass accumulation and tree diversity recovery in tropical forest restoration

Brancalion Pedro H.S., Campoe Otávio, Teixeira Mendes João Carlos, Noel Camilla, Moreira Gabriela G., van Melis José Luiz, Stape Jose Luiz, Guillemot Joannès. 2019. Intensive silviculture enhances biomass accumulation and tree diversity recovery in tropical forest restoration. Ecological Applications, 29 (2):e01847, 12 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Url - jeu de données : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2121072

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : Maximizing initial aboveground woody biomass (AGB) accumulation in order to obtain early payments for carbon stocking is essential for the financial viability of reforestation programs fostered by climate mitigation efforts. Intensive silviculture, i.e., silviculture traditionally used in commercial forestry to maximize productivity and gains, has recently been advocated as a promising approach to enhance AGB accumulation in restoration plantations. However, this approach may hamper natural forest regeneration and ecological succession due to high competition between colonizing plants and planted trees. We investigated the impacts of different silvicultural treatments applied to restoration plantations with 20 native tree species on AGB accumulation and spontaneous regeneration of native woody species in an experiment set up in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. Intensive silviculture demonstrated a remarkable potential to enhance AGB accumulation in restoration plantations by increasing up to three times the AGB of tree stands (from ~25 to 75 Mg/ha in the 12th year). Intensive fertilization/weed control enhanced AGB accumulation, while higher tree density and the proportion of pioneers did not have a significant effect on AGB over the time. In spite of higher costs (cost increase of 13–19%), the cost‐effectiveness for AGB accumulation of intensive silviculture was comparable to that of traditional silviculture applied to restoration (US$50–100/Mg AGB for 3 × 2 m spacing). Contrary to our expectations, we did not find a trade‐off between AGB accumulation by planted trees and the spontaneous regeneration of tree species, since intensive silviculture enhanced the regeneration of both planted (total of 12 species) and colonizing woody species (total of 30 species) in the plantation understory. Specifically, a strong association was found between AGB stocks and the abundance and richness of colonizing species, a vast majority of which (90% of species and 95% of individuals) were dispersed by animals. We report a case of positive correlation between AGB stocking and woody species regeneration in the restoration of the Atlantic Forest. Fostering the establishment and maintenance of restoration tree plantations can, in some cases, be a win‐win strategy for climate mitigation and biodiversity conservation in human‐modified tropical landscapes.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Reconstitution forestière, Aménagement forestier, Biodiversité, atténuation des effets du changement climatique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Mots-clés libres : Atlantic Forest, Carbon accumulation, Cost-effective siviculture, Natural regeneration, Restoration plantations, Sylviculture management, Tropical forestry

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 2 (2019-) - Transitions agroécologiques

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Brancalion Pedro H.S., Universidade de São Paulo (BRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Campoe Otávio, UDESC (BRA)
  • Teixeira Mendes João Carlos, USP (BRA)
  • Noel Camilla, USP (BRA)
  • Moreira Gabriela G., USP (BRA)
  • van Melis José Luiz, USP (BRA)
  • Stape Jose Luiz, Universidade de São Paulo (BRA)
  • Guillemot Joannès, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-4385-7656

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/591539/)

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