Structure of the pistil and pollen tube growth in Adansonia L. species: Implications for fertilization eficiency

Rasoamanana Elysée, Razanamaro Onja, Verdeil Jean-Luc, Lapeyre-Montes Fabienne, Ramavovololona Perle, Danthu Pascal. 2019. Structure of the pistil and pollen tube growth in Adansonia L. species: Implications for fertilization eficiency. Flora, 255 : pp. 86-97.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : The success of fertilization depends on an array of complex physical and physiological interactions between the pollen and the pistil. To better understand the fertilization process in Malagasy baobabs, pistil structure and pollen tube growth were investigated in three species of Adansonia: A. grandidieri (section Brevitubae), A. madagascariensis and A. rubrostipa (Longitubae section). The pistil consists of an ovary with 6–9 locules, a very long hollow type style and six to nine lobed wet, papillate stigma. The pollen tubes grow in intercellular secretions in the stigma and join the stylar canal to reach the locule of the ovary and then the micropyle of the ovules. The size of the central stylar canal shrinks as it approaches the ovary. This restriction leads to gametophytic competition by reducing the number of pollen tubes that reach the ovules. The pollen tubes reach the ovules four to six days after pollination. The pollen tubes of the two Longitubae species grow faster than those of A. grandidieri. This information on the progamic phase of baobabs is essential to understand the mode of reproduction of baobabs.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Adansonia, Gynécée, Pollen, Pollinisation, Stigmate, Fécondation, Gamète, Adansonia grandidieri, Adansonia madagascariensis, Adansonia rubrostipa

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Mots-clés complémentaires : pistil

Mots-clés libres : Adansonia, Anatomy, Pollen pistil interaction, Hollow style, Gametophytic selection

Classification Agris : F63 - Plant physiology - Reproduction
F50 - Plant structure
K01 - Forestry - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 2 (2019-) - Transitions agroécologiques

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rasoamanana Elysée, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG) - auteur correspondant
  • Razanamaro Onja, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Verdeil Jean-Luc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Lapeyre-Montes Fabienne, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Ramavovololona Perle, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Danthu Pascal, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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