Co-design agricultural systems combining gaming and backcasting methods in smallholder coffee agroforestry systems

Andreotti Federico, Speelman Erika N., Van den Meersche Karel, Allinne Clémentine. 2019. Co-design agricultural systems combining gaming and backcasting methods in smallholder coffee agroforestry systems. In : 4th World Congress on Agroforestry. Book of abstracts. Dupraz Christian (ed.), Gosme Marie (ed.), Lawson Gerry (ed.). CIRAD, INRA, World Agroforestry, Agropolis International, MUSE. Montpellier : CIRAD-INRA, Résumé, p. 606. World Congress on Agroforestry. 4, Montpellier, France, 20 May 2019/22 May 2019.

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Abstract : In Central America, smallholder coffee farmers rely on low input agroforestry systems (AFS) while experiencing increased pressure from climate change and social inequality. In order to increase the sustainability of these systems and to guide farmers along agroecological transition pathways, participatory approaches are needed. However, methods for the co-design process of such complex AFS are still scarce. Here, we present a practical approach based on game sessions and backcasting for the development of sustainable farming systems, together with the smallholder communities. We organized five game sessions and one backcasting workshop with farmer communities, technicians, researchers and municipality officials in La Dalia, Nicaragua. Through the game sessions we managed to highlight the key factors that allow or impede successful coordination among farmers to diversify their systems and develop organic and/or low input agriculture. Furthermore, using backcasting, we shared the outcomes from the game sessions among the communities and co-designed new farming systems highlighting major economic, social and environmental benefits and barriers. Through combining game and backcasting sessions, we were able to describe the current system and co-construct a desirable future vision towards agrological transition. We envision a wide range of relevant applications of this method in agriculture and beyond to facilitate stakeholders to collaboratively initiate processes of change.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea, Agroforesterie, Agriculture durable, agroécologie, Agroécosystème

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Nicaragua

Mots-clés libres : Agroforestry, Sustainability

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
K10 - Forestry production
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Andreotti Federico, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA)
  • Speelman Erika N., Wageningen University (NLD)
  • Van den Meersche Karel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0866-7657
  • Allinne Clémentine, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (CRI)

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