A global approach to decipher molecular basis of coffee tree adaptation to shade

Duangsodsri Teerarat, Leran Sophie, Villegas A.M., Vestalys I., Artins A., Etienne Hervé, Breitler Jean-Christophe, Villain Luc, Bertrand Benoît, Campa Claudine. 2019. A global approach to decipher molecular basis of coffee tree adaptation to shade. In : 4th World Congress on Agroforestry. Book of abstracts. Dupraz Christian (ed.), Gosme Marie (ed.), Lawson Gerry (ed.). CIRAD, INRA, World Agroforestry, Agropolis International, MUSE. Montpellier : CIRAD-INRA, Résumé, p. 749. World Congress on Agroforestry. 4, Montpellier, France, 20 May 2019/22 May 2019.

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Abstract : Culture under shade in AgroForestry Systems (AFS) is proposed to face the predicted negative effects of climate change on coffee plants. To decipher the molecular mechanisms involved in coffee tree adaptation to lower light, cultivars breaded for intensive full sun production systems have been grown under shade and full sun, in Mexico and Colombia. Leaves have been harvested for biochemical and transcriptomic comparative analyses. A common biochemical and transcriptomic response is observed in mature leaves of two years-old juvenile trees of C. arabicavar. Marsellesa cultivated in Mexico at different altitudes and of six-years old producing trees of eight different Arabica genotypes cultivated in Colombia. HPLC analysis showed a significant decrease in phenolic content under shade, especially glycosylated flavonoids involved in light protection. Transcriptomic analyses showed that 70% of the under-expressed genes under shade are heat shock proteins involved in temperature but also in various abiotic stress responses. Overall, our results show that Arabica culture under shade limits the biological costs for the plant, due to stresses. This energy saving opens new question: are the resources more allocated to primary metabolism, bean production and homeostasis? We are currently testing these genes and metabolites as markers to predict the adaptation to AFS and associated abiotic stresses.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agroforesterie, adaptation aux changements climatiques, Arbre d'ombrage, Coffea arabica, Marqueur génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mexique, Colombie

Mots-clés libres : Agroforestry, Sustainability

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Duangsodsri Teerarat, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Leran Sophie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (FRA)
  • Villegas A.M., CENICAFE (COL)
  • Vestalys I., Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Artins A., IRD (FRA)
  • Etienne Hervé, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (FRA)
  • Breitler Jean-Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (MEX)
  • Villain Luc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (FRA)
  • Bertrand Benoît, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (FRA)
  • Campa Claudine, IRD (FRA)

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