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Do perennial alleys help to maintain arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in temperate agroforestry systems ?

Battie Laclau Patricia, Taschen Elisa, Dezette Damien, Plassard Claude, Abadie Josiane, Arnal Didier, Benezech Philippe, Duthoit Maxime, Pablo Anne-laure, Jourdan Christophe, Laclau Jean-Paul, Bertrand Isabelle, Hinsinger Philippe. 2019. Do perennial alleys help to maintain arbuscular mycorrhizal communities in temperate agroforestry systems ?. In : 4th World Congress on Agroforestry. Book of abstracts. Dupraz Christian (ed.), Gosme Marie (ed.), Lawson Gerry (ed.). CIRAD, INRA, World Agroforestry, Agropolis International, MUSE. Montpellier : CIRAD-INRA, Résumé, p. 802. World Congress on Agroforestry. 4, Montpellier, France, 20 May 2019/22 May 2019.

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Abstract : Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are crucial for plant nutrition and the sustainability of agroforestery systems. However, the contribution of each agroforestry component (i.e. trees, under-tree herbaceous vegetation -UtHV- and crops) in the establishment and maintenance of AM communities is poorly documented particularly in temperate areas. This study investigates the spatio-temporal dynamics of AM fungi colonizing roots of the three agroforestry components in southwest France. Standing fine root length density and production, AM activity (colonization and extraradical hyphal growth) and diversity of walnut trees, UtHV and soft wheat were assessed over one year in two agroforestry systems at different distances from the perennial tree-UtHV alley. Compared to UtHV, trees showed a higher ability to colonize superficial layers far into the cultivated alleys due to their wider root system in summer. However, due to higher root densities and well established AM fungi observed throughout all the year, UtHV appeared to be more ecologically relevant to maintain an active source of AM inoculum for newly developing crop roots in winter. High degree of root proximity and similarity of AM fungal communities among the three agroforestry components provide new perspectives in deciphering the significance of common mycorrhizal networks in plant to plant interactions.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Castanea, Agroforesterie, Symbiose, Mycorhizé à vésicule et arbuscule

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Mots-clés libres : Agroforestry, Sustainability

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
P34 - Soil biology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Battie Laclau Patricia, Mycea (FRA)
  • Taschen Elisa, INRA (FRA)
  • Dezette Damien, INRA (FRA)
  • Plassard Claude, INRA (FRA)
  • Abadie Josiane, INRA (FRA)
  • Arnal Didier, INRA (FRA)
  • Benezech Philippe, INRA (FRA)
  • Duthoit Maxime, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)
  • Pablo Anne-laure, IRD (FRA)
  • Jourdan Christophe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (SEN)
  • Laclau Jean-Paul, CIRAD-DG-Direction générale/Service d'appui auprès des unités de recherche et des services (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2506-214X
  • Bertrand Isabelle, INRA (FRA)
  • Hinsinger Philippe, INRA (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/593058/)

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