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The value chain approach in one health: Conceptual framing and focus on present applications and challenges

Antoine-Moussiaux Nicolas, Peyre Marie-Isabelle, Bonnet Pascal, Bebay Charles, Bengoumi Mohammed, Tripodi Astrid. 2017. The value chain approach in one health: Conceptual framing and focus on present applications and challenges. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 4:206, 7 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : The value chain (VC) is a major operational concept for socioeconomic analysis at meso level. Widely mobilized in development practice, it is still undergoing conceptual and practical refining, e.g., to take account of environmental and social sustainability. Briefly, VC refers to a system of value creation through the full set of actors, links, technical and commercial activities and flows involved in the provision of a good or service on a market. In the past decade, this concept has been promoted in the management of animal health. In particular, the emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) has triggered an interdisciplinary dynamic including VC analysis as a central tool. These efforts promoted participatory investigation methods in the analysis of health systems. Using qualitative and quantitative data, these methods acknowledge the usefulness of actors' involvement and knowledge, hence facilitating the transdisciplinarity needed for effective action. They fit into adaptive and action-oriented strategies, fostering stakeholders' participation. Recent research on HPAI surveillance in South-East Asia merged VC and participatory approaches to develop innovative tools for analyzing constraints to information flow. On-going interventions for HPAI prevention and control as well as the prevention of other emerging zoonotic risks in Africa are presently building on this VC framework to develop strategies for its application at national and regional scales. Based on the latter experiences, this article proposes a field-based perspective on VC applications to animal and public health systems, within a One Health approach responding to the overall challenge of complexity.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Surveillance épidémiologique, grippe aviaire hautement pathogène, Bétail

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Asie du Sud-Est, Afrique

Mots-clés libres : Livestock value chain, Behavioral analysis, Socioeconomic, One Health, Interdisciplinarity

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L01 - Animal husbandry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2014-2018) - Santé des animaux et des plantes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Antoine-Moussiaux Nicolas, Université de Liège (BEL) - auteur correspondant
  • Peyre Marie-Isabelle, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0887-3418
  • Bonnet Pascal, CIRAD-DG-Direction générale/Service d'appui auprès des unités de recherche et des services (FRA)
  • Bebay Charles, FAO (GHA)
  • Bengoumi Mohammed, FAO (TUN)
  • Tripodi Astrid, FAO (ITA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/593150/)

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