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Crop plants with improved culture and quality traits for food, feed and other uses

Nogue Fabien, Vergne Philippe, Chèvre Anne-Marie, Chauvin Jean-Eric, Bouchabke-Coussa Oumaya, Déjardin Annabelle, Chevreau Elisabeth, Hibrand-Saint Oyant Laurence, Mazier Marianne, Barret Pierre, Guiderdoni Emmanuel, Sallaud Christophe, Foucrier Séverine, Devaux Pierre, Rogowsky Peter. 2019. Crop plants with improved culture and quality traits for food, feed and other uses. Transgenic Research, 28 (2), suppl. : pp. 65-73. OECD Conference on Genome Editing: Applications in Agriculture – Implications for Health, Environment and Regulation, Paris, France, 28 June 2018/29 June 2018.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : BIOCHEMICAL RESEARCH METHODS / Quartile : Q4, Sujet : BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Abstract : The large French research project GENIUS (2012–2019, https://www6.inra.genius-project_eng/) provides a good showcase of current genome editing techniques applied to crop plants. It addresses a large variety of agricultural species (rice, wheat, maize, tomato, potato, oilseed rape, poplar, apple and rose) together with some models (Arabidopsis, Brachypodium, Physcomitrella). Using targeted mutagenesis as its work horse, the project is limited to proof of concept under confined conditions. It mainly covers traits linked to crop culture, such as disease resistance to viruses and fungi, flowering time, plant architecture, tolerance to salinity and plant reproduction but also addresses traits improving the quality of agricultural products for industrial purposes. Examples include virus resistant tomato, early flowering apple and low-amylose starch potato. The wide range of traits illustrates the potential of genome editing towards a more sustainable agriculture through the reduction of pesticides and to the emergence of innovative bio-economy sectors based on custom tailored quality traits.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : génomique, Résistance aux maladies, Résistance aux facteurs nuisibles, agroécologie, Agriculture durable

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Mots-clés libres : Agriculture, CRISPR-Cas9, Genome editing, New plant breeding techniques

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Nogue Fabien, INRA (FRA)
  • Vergne Philippe, INRA (FRA)
  • Chèvre Anne-Marie, INRA (FRA)
  • Chauvin Jean-Eric, INRA (FRA)
  • Bouchabke-Coussa Oumaya, INRA (FRA)
  • Déjardin Annabelle, INRA (FRA)
  • Chevreau Elisabeth, INRA (FRA)
  • Hibrand-Saint Oyant Laurence, INRA (FRA)
  • Mazier Marianne, INRA (FRA)
  • Barret Pierre, INRA (FRA)
  • Guiderdoni Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Sallaud Christophe, Biogemma (FRA)
  • Foucrier Séverine, PRGD (FRA)
  • Devaux Pierre, Germicopa (FRA)
  • Rogowsky Peter, INRA (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/593216/)

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