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Evaluation of slaughter stress responses in the dromedary camel

Lemrhamed Abdelilah, Tabite Rabab, Abbadi Najia, El Khasmi Mohammed, Faye Bernard. 2019. Evaluation of slaughter stress responses in the dromedary camel. International Journal of Livestock Research, 9 (8) : pp. 78-90.

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Abstract : Slaughter stress responses were evaluated in the dromedary camel by analyzing hematocrit (Hct), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), hemolysis (H%), catalase activity (CATa) and plasma levels of cortisol (COR), triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), glucose and malondialdehyde (MDA). Blood was collected during three different steps: at the arrival of the animals at the slaughterhouse just after unloading (step 1), at the end of a rest period of 16 to 20 hours (step 2) and finally during bleeding (step 3) after exposure to traditional slaughter stress. NLR, H%, MDA, glucose, COR, T3 and T4 measured at step 2 were significantly (P<0.05) lower compared to those observed at step 1 or step 3. On the contrary, CATa measured at step 2 were significantly (P<0.05) higher than that analyzed at steps 1 and 3. In the camel, the slaughter procedure used here was muchmore stressfuland was able to alter the physiology of the animal.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Dromadaire, Stress, Abattoir, Composition du sang, Physiologie sanguine

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Maroc

Mots-clés libres : Catalase activity, Dromedary, Glucose, Hormones, Haemolysis, Malondialdehyde, Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio, Slaughter Stress

Classification Agris : L74 - Miscellaneous animal disorders
L50 - Animal physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 7 (2019-) - Hors champs stratégiques

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lemrhamed Abdelilah, Université Hassan 2 (MAR) - auteur correspondant
  • Tabite Rabab, Université Hassan 2 (MAR)
  • Abbadi Najia, CNESTEN (MAR)
  • El Khasmi Mohammed, Université Hassan 2 (MAR)
  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/593405/)

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