Climate change, animal product consumption and the future of food systems

Duteurtre Guillaume, Assouma Mohamed Habibou, Poccard-Chapuis René, Dumas Patrice, Touré Ibra, Corniaux Christian, Wane Abdrahmane, Ickowicz Alexandre, Blanfort Vincent. 2019. Climate change, animal product consumption and the future of food systems. In : Food systems at risk. New trends and challenges. Dury Sandrine (ed.), Bendjebbar Pauline (ed), Hainzelin Etienne (ed.), Giordano Thierry (ed.), Bricas Nicolas (ed.). Rome : CIRAD-FAO, pp. 39-42. ISBN 978-2-87614-751-5

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Additional Information : ISBN 978-92-5-131732-7 (FAO)

Abstract : The livestock sector contributes around 14.5 percent of total anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Developing mitigation strategies is a serious challenge, especially if we anticipate a rapid growth in the consumption of animal products in Low-Income (LI) and Lower Middle-Income (LMI) countries. Across the planet, livestock systems are highly diverse and the livestock sector offers many possibilities for carbon sinking that can help to reduce emissions. In particular, carbon sequestration in grasslands, rangelands and feed crop fields and manure recycling are crucial in the assessment of the carbon efficiency of livestock value chains. Supporting sustainable livestock production systems, together with sustainable animal product market chains and consumption, requires the completion of GHG inventories based on landscape carbon balances.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Élevage, Système de production, Consommation alimentaire, Viande, Impact sur l'environnement, Changement climatique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Monde

Classification Agris : S01 - Human nutrition - General aspects
L01 - Animal husbandry
P40 - Meteorology and climatology
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

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