Ecosystem services and importance of common tree species in coffee-agroforestry systems: Local knowledge of small-scale farmers at Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Wagner Sigrun, Rigal Clément, Liebig Theresa, Mremi Rudolf, Hemp Andreas, Jones Martin, Price Elizabeth, Preziosi Richard. 2019. Ecosystem services and importance of common tree species in coffee-agroforestry systems: Local knowledge of small-scale farmers at Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Forests, 10 (11), n.spéc. Agroforestry Systems: The Role of Trees in Ecosystem Services:963, 16 p. World Congress on Agroforestry. 4, Montpellier, France, 20 May 2019/22 May 2019.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
License Licence Creative Commons.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FORESTRY

Abstract : Research Highlights: Global coffee production, especially in smallholder farming systems, is vulnerable and must adapt in the face of climate change. To this end, shaded agroforestry systems are a promising strategy. Background and Objectives: Understanding local contexts is a prerequisite for designing locally tailored systems; this can be achieved by utilizing farmers' knowledge. Our objective is to explore ecosystem services (ESs) provided by different shade tree species as perceived by farmers and possible factors (elevation, gender, and membership in local farmers groups) influencing these perceptions. We related these factors, as well as farmers' ESs preferences, to planting densities of tree species. Materials and Methods: During interviews with 263 small-scale coffee farmers on the southern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro, they ranked the most common shade tree species according to perceived provision of the locally most important ESs for coffee farmers. We asked them to estimate the population of each tree species on their coffee fields and to identify the three ESs most important for their household. Results: Food, fodder, and fuelwood emerged as the most important ESs, with 37.8% of the respondents mentioning all three as priorities. Density of tree species perceived to provide these three ESs were significantly higher for farmers prioritizing these services compared to farmers that did not consider all three ESs in their top three. Albizia schimperiana scored the highest for all rankings of regulatory ESs such as coffee yield improvement, quality shade provision, and soil fertility improvement. Influence of elevation, gender, and farmer group affiliation was negligible for all rankings. Conclusions: This study shows the need to understand factors underlying farmers' management decisions before recommending shade tree species. Our results led to the upgrade of the online tool ( which generates lists of potential common shade tree species tailored to local ecological context considering individual farmers' needs.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea arabica, Agroforesterie, Arbre d'ombrage, Albizia, services écosystémiques, Connaissance indigène, agriculture alternative

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République-Unie de Tanzanie, Afrique orientale

Mots-clés complémentaires : Albizia schimperiana, intensification écologique

Mots-clés libres : Shade trees, Ecological intensification, East Africa, Farmers' perceptions

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
K01 - Forestry - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 2 (2019-) - Transitions agroécologiques

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Wagner Sigrun, University of Manchester (GBR) - auteur correspondant
  • Rigal Clément, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-6210-1101
  • Liebig Theresa, IITA (UGA)
  • Mremi Rudolf, College of African Wildlife Management (TZA)
  • Hemp Andreas, Universität Bayreuth (DEU)
  • Jones Martin, University of Manchester (GBR)
  • Price Elizabeth, University of Manchester (GBR)
  • Preziosi Richard, University of Manchester (GBR)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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