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Plumeria alba latex as a new plant protease for waragashi cheese production: A comparative assessment of yield and physicochemical and textural characteristics

Bankolé Ibidjokè Rachidatou, Tchobo Paul Fidèle, Mazou Mouaïmine, Hodonou Myriam Mondoukpè, Durand Erwann, Alitonou Guy Alain. 2019. Plumeria alba latex as a new plant protease for waragashi cheese production: A comparative assessment of yield and physicochemical and textural characteristics. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 7 (5) : pp. 73-78.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Abstract : The Peuhl cheese (Waragashi, Warangachi, Wagashi, or Wara in local language) is a soft cheese with a high nutritional value, prepared by coagulation of whole milk under the action of calotropaïne, a plant enzyme from Calotropis procera. In this study, Plumeria alba latex has been used as an alternative source of enzymes for the production of Waragashi cheese. The effect of temperature on the milk-clotting activity (MCA), as well as the physicochemical properties of the Waragashi cheeses were investigated and compared with the ones prepared with C. procera and C. papaya latices. C. procera and C. papaya latices exhibited a maximum MCA at temperatures close to 55°C, while P. alba latex exhibited a maximum MCA at temperatures close to 80°C. Waragashi cheese produced using P. alba showed textural properties comparable with those prepared using C. procera, while the yield of production varied as a function of the quantity of the different coagulants and milk temperature. The results of these studies, it is clear that the P. alba latex can be used to produce Waragashi cheese, similar to the latices of C. procera and C. papaya. the next challenge of this study is to verify the toxicity of P. Alba latex.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Fromage frais, Protéase, Calotropis procera, Coagulation, Chymosine, Lait de vache, Texture, Propriété physicochimique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin, France

Mots-clés complémentaires : calotropaïne, Plumeria alba

Mots-clés libres : Waragashi Cheese, Plant Proteases, Milk-clotting Activity

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 3 (2019-) - Systèmes alimentaires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bankolé Ibidjokè Rachidatou, UAC (BEN)
  • Tchobo Paul Fidèle, UAC (BEN) - auteur correspondant
  • Mazou Mouaïmine, UAC (BEN)
  • Hodonou Myriam Mondoukpè, UAC (BEN)
  • Durand Erwann, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR IATE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0306-8081
  • Alitonou Guy Alain, UAC (BEN)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/594236/)

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