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Genetic evidence for transboundary circulation of Peste Des Petits Ruminants across West Africa

Tounkara Kadidia, Kwiatek Olivier, Niang Mamadou, Sidibé Cheick Abou Kounta, Sery Amadou, Dakouo Martin, Salami Habib, Lo Modou Moustapha, Ba Aminata, Diop Mariame, El Mamy Ahmed Bezeid, El Arbi Ahmed Salem, Barry Yahya, Isselmou Ekaterina, Habiboullah Habiboullah, Lella Abdellahi Salem, Doumbia Baba, Baba Gueya Mohamed, Savadogo Joseph, Ouattara Lassina, Minougou Germaine, Libeau Geneviève, Bataille Arnaud. 2019. Genetic evidence for transboundary circulation of Peste Des Petits Ruminants across West Africa. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 6:275, 7 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Additional Information : Corrigendum paru dans Frontiers in Veterinary Science, (2019) 4p. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2019.00380

Abstract : Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease affecting predominantly small ruminants. Due to its transboundary nature, regional coordination of control strategies will be key to the success of the on-going PPR eradication campaign. Here, we aimed at exploring the extent of transboundary movement of PPR in West Africa using phylogenetic analyses based on partial viral gene sequences. We collected samples and obtained partial nucleoprotein gene sequence from PPR-infected small ruminants across countries within West Africa. This new sequence data was combined with publically available data from the region to perform phylogenetic analyses. A total of fifty-five sequences were obtained in a region still poorly sampled. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the majority of virus sequences obtained in this study were placed within genetic clusters regrouping samples from multiple West African countries. Some of these clusters contained samples from countries sharing borders. In other cases, clusters grouped samples from very distant countries. Our results suggest extensive and recurrent transboundary movements of PPR within West Africa, supporting the need for a regional coordinated strategy for PPR surveillance and control in the region. Simple phylogenetic analyses based on readily available data can provide information on PPR transboundary dynamics and, therefore, could contribute to improve control strategies. On-going and future projects dedicated to PPR should include extensive genetic characterization and phylogenetic analyses of circulating viral strains in their effort to support the campaign for global eradication of the disease.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Peste des petits ruminants, Virose, Morbillivirus, Paramyxoviridae, Maladie transfrontière, Surveillance épidémiologique, Phylogénie, Éradication des maladies

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique occidentale, Sénégal, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Mauritanie

Mots-clés libres : Virus spread, Peste des petits ruminants, Phylogeny, Eradication, Morbillivirus, Small ruminant

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tounkara Kadidia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Kwiatek Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Niang Mamadou, LCV (MLI)
  • Sidibé Cheick Abou Kounta, LCV (MLI)
  • Sery Amadou, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Dakouo Martin, LCV (MLI)
  • Salami Habib, LNERV (SEN)
  • Lo Modou Moustapha, LNERV (SEN)
  • Ba Aminata, LNERV (SEN)
  • Diop Mariame, LNERV (SEN)
  • El Mamy Ahmed Bezeid, ONARDEL (MRT)
  • El Arbi Ahmed Salem, ONARDEL (MRT)
  • Barry Yahya, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Isselmou Ekaterina, ONARDEL (MRT)
  • Habiboullah Habiboullah, ONARDEL (MRT)
  • Lella Abdellahi Salem, ONARDEL (MRT)
  • Doumbia Baba, ONARDEL (MRT)
  • Baba Gueya Mohamed, ONARDEL (MRT)
  • Savadogo Joseph, Ministère des Ressources Animales et Halieutiques (BFA)
  • Ouattara Lassina, Ministère des Ressources Animales et Halieutiques (BFA)
  • Minougou Germaine, Ministère des Ressources Animales et Halieutiques (BFA)
  • Libeau Geneviève, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Bataille Arnaud, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/594677/)

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