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Do diversity of plants, soil fungi and bacteria influence aggregate stability on ultramafic Ferralsols? A metagenomic approach in a tropical hotspot of biodiversity

Demenois Julien, Merino-Martin Luis, Fernandez Nuñez Nicolas, Stokes Alexia, Carriconde Fabian. 2020. Do diversity of plants, soil fungi and bacteria influence aggregate stability on ultramafic Ferralsols? A metagenomic approach in a tropical hotspot of biodiversity. Plant and Soil, 448 : pp. 213-229.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Aims: Understanding how soil aggregate stability (MWD) is influenced by microbial diversity and abundance can be crucial for ecological restoration in severely disturbed areas. We investigated the relationships between plant and soil microbial diversity and MWD of an ultramafic Ferralsol along a vegetational succession gradient in New Caledonia, where wildfires and extensive nickel mining have degraded the landscape. Methods: Five plant communities were studied. For each one, MWD, soil physicochemical parameters (e.g. soil organic carbon (SOC)), plant root traits and fungal abundance were measured. The diversity and structure of plant and microbial communities were respectively assessed via botanical inventories and a metagenomic approach. A generalized linear model (GLM) was used to assess the influence of diversity indexes on MWD. Constrained ordinations (CCA) were performed to assess the influence of communities' structures on MWD. Results: GLM highlighted the linkage between SOC and MWD but did not identify any significant influence of diversity indexes on MWD. CCA revealed a significant influence of communities' structures, especially the abundance of saprotrophic fungi, on MWD. Conclusions: We showed that the structure, but not species richness and diversity of plants, soil fungi and bacteria influence aggregate stability on Ferralsols.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ferralsol, Biologie du sol, Faune du sol, Conservation des sols, Système racinaire

Mots-clés libres : Soil metagenomic, Ultramafic substrates, New Caledonia, Saprotroph, Shannon Index, Simpson Index

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Demenois Julien, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR AIDA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2271-8465 - auteur correspondant
  • Merino-Martin Luis, INRAE (FRA)
  • Fernandez Nuñez Nicolas, IAC (NCL)
  • Stokes Alexia, INRAE (FRA)
  • Carriconde Fabian, IAC (NCL)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/594901/)

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