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Peptide-based vaccine successfully induces protective immunity against canine visceral leishmaniasis

Petitdidier Elodie, Pagniez Julie, Pissarra Joana, Holzmuller Philippe, Papierok Gérard, Vincendeau Philippe, Lemesre Jean-Loup, Bras-Gonçalves Rachel. 2019. Peptide-based vaccine successfully induces protective immunity against canine visceral leishmaniasis. Npj Vaccines, 4:49, 9 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MEDICINE, RESEARCH & EXPERIMENTAL / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : IMMUNOLOGY

Abstract : Dogs are the main reservoir of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis. Vaccination is a promising approach to help control leishmaniasis and to interrupt transmission of the Leishmania parasite. The promastigote surface antigen (PSA) is a highly immunogenic component of Leishmania excretory/secretory products. A vaccine based on three peptides derived from the carboxy-terminal part of Leishmania amazonensis PSA and conserved among Leishmania species, formulated with QA-21 as adjuvant, was tested on naive Beagle dogs in a preclinical trial. Four months after the full course of vaccination, dogs were experimentally infected with Leishmania infantum promastigotes. Immunization of dogs with peptide-based vaccine conferred immunity against experimental infection with L. infantum. Evidence for macrophage nitric oxide production and anti-leishmanial activity associated with IFN-γ production by lymphocytes was only found in the vaccinated group. An increase in specific IgG2 antibodies was also measured in vaccinated dogs from 2 months after immunization. Additionally, after challenge with L. infantum, the parasite burden was significantly lower in vaccinated dogs than in the control group. These data strongly suggest that this peptide-based vaccine candidate generated cross-protection against zoonotic leishmaniasis by inducing a Th1-type immune response associated with production of specific IgG2 antibodies. This preclinical trial including a peptide-based vaccine against leishmaniasis clearly demonstrates effective protection in a natural host. This approach deserves further investigation to enhance the immunogenicity of the peptides and to consider the possible engineering of a vaccine targeting several Leishmania species.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Leishmania, Leishmaniose, Vaccin, Immunité

Mots-clés libres : Peptide-based vaccine, Canine visceral leishmaniasis, Leishmania sp.

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Petitdidier Elodie, IRD (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Pagniez Julie, IRD (FRA)
  • Pissarra Joana, IRD (FRA)
  • Holzmuller Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8919-9081
  • Papierok Gérard, Virbac (FRA)
  • Vincendeau Philippe, Université de Bordeaux II (FRA)
  • Lemesre Jean-Loup, IRD (FRA)
  • Bras-Gonçalves Rachel, IRD (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/595294/)

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