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Brucellosis and chlamydiosis seroprevalence in goats at livestock–wildlife interface areas of Zimbabwe

Bhandi Solomon, Pfukenyi Davies Mubika, Matope Gift, Murondoti Absolom, Tivapasi Musavengana, Ndengu Masimba, Scacchia Massimo, Bonfini Barbara, De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel. 2019. Brucellosis and chlamydiosis seroprevalence in goats at livestock–wildlife interface areas of Zimbabwe. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 86 (1):a1670, 9 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : In Zimbabwe, there have been no chlamydiosis and limited brucellosis studies in goats. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence and risk factors of the two diseases in goats at three different livestock–wildlife interface areas: porous, non-porous and non-interface in the south-eastern lowveld of Zimbabwe. Collected sera (n = 563) were tested for Brucella antibodies using the Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) and the complement fixation test (CFT); and for Chlamydia abortus antibodies using the CFT. All tested goats were negative for Brucella antibodies. Overall, chlamydial seroprevalence was 22%. The porous [c2 = 9.6, odds ratio (OR) = 2.6, p = 0.002] and non-porous (c2 = 37.5, OR = 5.8, p < 0.00001) interfaces were approximately three and six times more likely to be chlamydial seropositive than the non-interface area, respectively. Chlamydial seroprevalence was not associated with sex (c2 = 0.5, OR = 1.2, p = 0.5), abortion history in female goats (c2 = 0.7, OR = 1.3, p = 0.4), keeping goats with cattle (c2 = 0.2, OR = 1.5, p = 0.7) or flock size (c2 = 0.03, OR = 1.4, p = 0.9). Our study provides the first serological evidence of chlamydiosis in goats in Zimbabwe and the results suggest that proximity to wildlife is associated with increased chlamydial seropositivity. Further studies are required to determine the role of chlamydial infection on goat reproductive failure and that of wildlife on C. abortus transmission to domestic ruminants.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Caprin, Brucellose, Ornithose, Maladie bactérienne, Bétail, Animal sauvage, Transmission des maladies

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Zimbabwe

Mots-clés complémentaires : séroprévalence

Mots-clés libres : Brucellosis, Chlamydiosis, Goats, Interface, Seroprevalence, Zimbabwe

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L20 - Animal ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bhandi Solomon, University of Zimbabwe (ZWE)
  • Pfukenyi Davies Mubika, University of Zimbabwe (ZWE) - auteur correspondant
  • Matope Gift, University of Zimbabwe (ZWE)
  • Murondoti Absolom, University of Zimbabwe (ZWE)
  • Tivapasi Musavengana, University of Zimbabwe (ZWE)
  • Ndengu Masimba, University of Zimbabwe (ZWE)
  • Scacchia Massimo, IZSA&M (ITA)
  • Bonfini Barbara, IZSA&M (ITA)
  • De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5438-1473

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/595372/)

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