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Coffee, farmers, and trees—shifting rights accelerates changing landscapes

Garcia Claude A., Vendé Jeremy, Konerira Nanaya M., Kalla Jenu, Nay Michelle, Dray Anne, Delay Maelle, Waeber Patrick O., Stoudmann Natasha, Bose Arshiya, Le Page Christophe, Raghuram Yenugula, Bagchi Robert, Ghazoul Jaboury, Kushalappa Cheppudira G., Vaast Philippe. 2020. Coffee, farmers, and trees—shifting rights accelerates changing landscapes. Forests, 11 (4):480, 19 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : Deforestation and biodiversity loss in agroecosystems are generally the result of rational choices, not of a lack of awareness or knowledge. Despite both scientific evidence and traditional knowledge that supports the value of diverse production systems for ecosystem services and resilience, a trend of agroecosystem intensification is apparent across tropical regions. These transitions happen in spite of policies that prohibit such transformations. We present a participatory modelling study run to (1) understand the drivers of landscape transition and (2) explore the livelihood and environmental impacts of tenure changes in the coffee agroforestry systems of Kodagu (India). The components of the system, key actors and resources, and their interactions were defined with stakeholders, following the companion modelling (ComMod) approach. The underlying ecological processes driving the system were validated through expert knowledge and scientific literature. The conceptual model was transformed into a role-playing game and validated by eight workshops with a total of 57 participants. Two scenarios were explored, a No Policy Change as baseline, and a Restitution of Rights where rights to cut the native trees are handed over to farmers. Our results suggest that the landscape transition is likely to continue unabated unless there is a change to the current policy framework. However, the Restitution of Rights risks speeding up the process rather than reversing it, as inter alia, the differential growth rate between exotic and native tree species, kick in.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agroforesterie, Paysage agricole, Agriculteur, Grevillea robusta

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Inde

Mots-clés libres : Companion modelling, Agroforestry, Grevillea robusta, India, Policy, Role playing games

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 5 (2019-) - Territoires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Garcia Claude A., CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (CHE) ORCID: 0000-0002-7351-0226 - auteur correspondant
  • Vendé Jeremy, AgroParisTech (FRA)
  • Konerira Nanaya M., French Institute of Pondicherry (IND)
  • Kalla Jenu, ETH (CHE)
  • Nay Michelle, ETH (CHE)
  • Dray Anne, ETH (CHE)
  • Delay Maelle, ETH (CHE)
  • Waeber Patrick O., ETH (CHE)
  • Stoudmann Natasha, ETH (CHE)
  • Bose Arshiya, ETH (CHE)
  • Le Page Christophe, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1920-0091
  • Raghuram Yenugula, Central Coffee Board (IND)
  • Bagchi Robert, University of Connecticut (USA)
  • Ghazoul Jaboury, ETH (CHE)
  • Kushalappa Cheppudira G., UAHS (IND)
  • Vaast Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Eco&Sols (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/595614/)

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