Social network analysis of practice adoption facing outbreaks of African Swine Fever

Govoeyi Benoît, Agbokounou Aristide M., Camara Younouss, Ahounou Serge G., Dotche Ignace O., Kiki Pascal S., Abdou Karim Issaka Youssao, Delabouglise Alexis, Antoine-Moussiaux Nicolas. 2020. Social network analysis of practice adoption facing outbreaks of African Swine Fever. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 179:105008, 10 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Animal epizootics show widely destructive effect on livestock value chains in sub Saharan Africa, pushing many smallholders into poverty and discouraging investments. Hence, African swine fever (ASF) has been playing a deeply depressing role on swine value chain of Benin since its first occurrence in the country in 1997. Exchanges between actors are fundamental among stakeholders for the overall performance of a value chain and is key in the way these can respond to challenges, as epizootic threats. The present study describes how stakeholders of the swine value chain interact in the diffusion of innovative practices facing an outbreak of ASF. In seven districts, focus groups were first organized with stakeholders to identify changes and other reactions that ensued from a recent ASF outbreak in Benin. In a second step, individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, following a respondent-driven sampling, to collect the contact information needed for social network analysis. The influence of actors' characteristics on their degree centrality was tested through multiple linear regression model. Regulatory requirements and available incomes facilitated practice diffusion among groups of pork butchers, traders/brokers and input suppliers. Stockbreeders displayed passivity in the diffusion of practices whereas they should have the forefront role in addressing the challenge of ASF. Nevertheless, their significant interest in capacity reinforcement, associations, exchange visits and professionalization may lead them to increase their involvement in a joint control of the disease.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Peste porcine africaine, partie intéressée, Analyse de réseau, Épizootie, Contrôle de maladies, Diffusion de l'information

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin

Mots-clés complémentaires : Réseaux sociaux, chaînes de valeur

Mots-clés libres : Value chain, Innovation, Diffusion, African swine fever, Social network, Benin

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
C30 - Documentation and information

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Govoeyi Benoît, UAC (BEN)
  • Agbokounou Aristide M., CBRST (BEN)
  • Camara Younouss, Université de Liège (BEL)
  • Ahounou Serge G., UAC (BEN)
  • Dotche Ignace O., UAC (BEN)
  • Kiki Pascal S., UAC (BEN)
  • Abdou Karim Issaka Youssao, UAC (BEN)
  • Delabouglise Alexis, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5837-7052
  • Antoine-Moussiaux Nicolas, Université de Liège (BEL) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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