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Aquaculture at the crossroads of global warming and antimicrobial resistance

Reverter Miriam, Sarter Samira, Caruso Domenico, Avarre Jean-Christophe, Combe Marine, Pepey Elodie, Pouyaud Laurent, Vega-Heredia Sarahi, De Verdal Hugues, Gozlan Rodolphe E.. 2020. Aquaculture at the crossroads of global warming and antimicrobial resistance. Nature Communications, 11:1870, 8 p.

Journal article ; Autre type d'article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Url - jeu de données : https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.dv41ns1tr

Abstract : In many developing countries, aquaculture is key to ensuring food security for millions of people. It is thus important to measure the full implications of environmental changes on the sustainability of aquaculture. We conduct a double meta-analysis (460 articles) to explore how global warming and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) impact aquaculture. We calculate a Multi-Antibiotic Resistance index (MAR) of aquaculture-related bacteria (11,274 isolates) for 40 countries, of which mostly low- and middle-income countries present high AMR levels. Here we show that aquaculture MAR indices correlate with MAR indices from human clinical bacteria, temperature and countries' climate vulnerability. We also find that infected aquatic animals present higher mortalities at warmer temperatures. Countries most vulnerable to climate change will probably face the highest AMR risks, impacting human health beyond the aquaculture sector, highlighting the need for urgent action. Sustainable solutions to minimise antibiotic use and increase system resilience are therefore needed.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Aquaculture, Réchauffement global, Changement climatique, Limnologie, Résistance aux antimicrobiens

Mots-clés libres : Antimicrobial resistance, Climate-change ecology, Limnology, Marine biology

Classification Agris : M12 - Aquaculture production
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 6 (2019-) - Changement climatique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Reverter Miriam, ISEM (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Sarter Samira, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR ISEM (FRA)
  • Caruso Domenico, IRD (FRA)
  • Avarre Jean-Christophe, IRD (FRA)
  • Combe Marine, ISEM (FRA)
  • Pepey Elodie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR ISEM (FRA)
  • Pouyaud Laurent, ISEM (FRA)
  • Vega-Heredia Sarahi, ISEM (FRA)
  • De Verdal Hugues, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR ISEM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1923-8575
  • Gozlan Rodolphe E., IRD (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/595645/)

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