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Screening diversity and distribution of Copia retrotransposons reveals a specific amplification of BARE1 elements in genomes of the polyploid Hordeum murinum complex

Ourari Malika, Coriton Olivier, Martin Guillaume, Huteau Virginie, Keller Jean, Ainouche Malika Lily, Amirouche Rachid, Ainouche Abdelkader. 2020. Screening diversity and distribution of Copia retrotransposons reveals a specific amplification of BARE1 elements in genomes of the polyploid Hordeum murinum complex. Genetica, 148 (2) : pp. 109-123.

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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : We explored diversity, distribution and evolutionary dynamics of Ty1-Copia retrotransposons in the genomes of the Hordeum murinum polyploid complex and related taxa. Phylogenetic and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses of reverse transcriptase sequences identified four Copia families in these genomes: the predominant BARE1 (including three groups or subfamilies, A, B and C), and the less represented RIRE1, IKYA and TAR-1. Within the BARE1 family, BARE1-A elements and a subgroup of BARE1-B elements (named B1) have proliferated in the allopolyploid members of the H. murinum complex (H. murinum and H. leporinum), and in their extant diploid progenitor, subsp. glaucum. Moreover, we found a specific amplification of BARE1-B elements within each Hordeum species surveyed. The low occurrence of RIRE1, IKYA and TAR-1 elements in the allopolyploid cytotypes suggests that they are either weakly represented or highly degenerated in their diploid progenitors. The results demonstrate that BARE1-A and BARE1-B1 Copia elements are particularly well represented in the genomes of the H. murinum complex and constitute its genomic hallmark. No BARE1-A and -B1 homologs were detected in the reference barley genome. The similar distribution of RT-Copia probes across chromosomes of diploid, tetraploid and hexaploid taxa of the murinum complex shows no evidence of proliferation following polyploidization.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Hordeum murinum, transposon, Polyploïdie, Phylogénie

Mots-clés libres : Hordeum, Transposable elements, Phylogeny, In situ hybridization, Polyploidy

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ourari Malika, Université de Bejaia (DZA)
  • Coriton Olivier, INRAE (FRA)
  • Martin Guillaume, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1801-7500
  • Huteau Virginie, INRAE (FRA)
  • Keller Jean, Université Toulouse III Paul Sabatier (FRA)
  • Ainouche Malika Lily, Université de Rennes I (FRA)
  • Amirouche Rachid, USTHB (DZA) - auteur correspondant
  • Ainouche Abdelkader, Université de Rennes I (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/595781/)

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