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Field performance of sterile male mosquitoes released from an uncrewed aerial vehicle

Bouyer Jérémy, Culbert Nicole Jean, Dicko Ahmadou Hamady, Gomez Pacheco M., Virginio J., Pedrosa M.C., Garziera L., Macedo Pinto A.T., Klaptocz A., Germann J., Wallner Thomas, Salvador-Herranz G., Argiles Herrero R., Yamada Hanano, Balestrino Fabrizio, Vreysen Marc J.B.. 2020. Field performance of sterile male mosquitoes released from an uncrewed aerial vehicle. Science Robotics, 5 (43):eaba6251, 11 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : Genetic control methods of mosquito vectors of malaria, dengue, yellow fever, and Zika are becoming increasingly popular due to the limitations of other techniques such as the use of insecticides. The sterile insect technique is an effective genetic control method to manage insect populations. However, it is crucial to release sterile mosquitoes by air to ensure homogeneous coverage, especially in large areas. Here, we report a fully automated adult mosquito release system operated from an uncrewed aerial vehicle or drone. Our system, developed and tested in Brazil, enabled a homogeneous dispersal of sterile male Aedes aegypti while maintaining their quality, leading to a homogeneous sterile-to-wild male ratio due to their aggregation in the same sites. Our results indicate that the released sterile males were able to compete with the wild males in mating with the wild females; thus, the sterile males were able to induce sterility in the native female population. The use of drones to implement the sterile insect technique will lead to improvements in areal coverage and savings in operational costs due to the requirement of fewer release sites and field staff.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Aedes aegypti, Lâcher d'insectes stériles, Vecteur de maladie, Contrôle de maladies

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Mots-clés complémentaires : Drone

Mots-clés libres : Aedes, Vector control, Dengue, Sterile Insect Technique, Drone

Classification Agris : L10 - Animal genetics and breeding
L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Commission

Programme de financement européen : H2020

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : Revolutionizing Insect Control

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bouyer Jérémy, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (AUT) ORCID: 0000-0002-1913-416X - auteur correspondant
  • Culbert Nicole Jean, FAO (AUT)
  • Dicko Ahmadou Hamady, WeRobotics (CHE)
  • Gomez Pacheco M., Biofábrica Moscamed Brasil (BRA)
  • Virginio J., Biofábrica Moscamed Brasil (BRA)
  • Pedrosa M.C., Biofábrica Moscamed Brasil (BRA)
  • Garziera L., Biofábrica Moscamed Brasil (BRA)
  • Macedo Pinto A.T., Biofábrica Moscamed Brasil (BRA)
  • Klaptocz A., WeRobotics (CHE)
  • Germann J., WeRobotics (CHE)
  • Wallner Thomas, FAO (AUT)
  • Salvador-Herranz G., WeRobotics (CHE)
  • Argiles Herrero R., FAO (AUT)
  • Yamada Hanano, FAO (AUT)
  • Balestrino Fabrizio, FAO (AUT)
  • Vreysen Marc J.B., FAO (AUT)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/595978/)

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